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Abney, Sir Thomas (1639/40–1722), merchant and mayor of London, was born at Willesley, Derbyshire, the youngest of four sons of James Abney, landowner, and Jane Mainwaring (d. after 1640). The Abney family had owned land at Willesley for several centuries, and James Abney...

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Aubrey, Andrew (d. 1356), merchant and mayor of London, was the son of Roger and Denise Aubrey. It is likely that he was born in London since he did not mention a provincial parish in his will. He became the factor of Thomas Enfield...

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Bertram, Walter (d. 1495/6), merchant and provost of Edinburgh, is first recorded in 1464. He received payments for expensive cloth sold to James III in 1473 and by 1477 was clearly wealthy, as he bought the lands of Normangills in Lanarkshire from David Lindsay, ...

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Bludworth, Sir Thomas (b. in or before 1623, d. 1682), merchant and mayor of London, was born in London, the second surviving son of John Bludworth (bap. 1580, d. 1648), master of the Vintners' Company (1641–2), of Lombard Street in the parish of ...

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Brembre, Sir Nicholas (d. 1388), merchant and mayor of London, is of unknown origins, though he may have been related to Sir Thomas Brembre, or Bramber, a wealthy and well-connected royal clerk who was receiver of the king's chamber from c.1347 to 1354, and keeper of the privy seal in 1354–5. One of ...

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Buchanan, Andrew (1690–1759), merchant and lord provost of Glasgow, was born on 29 January 1690 in Glasgow, the second of four sons of George Buchanan, maltster, and Mary Maxwell.

In 1716 Buchanan was admitted a burgess of Glasgow by right of his father, and quickly revealed himself to be an energetic businessman. During the 1720s he and his younger brothers ...

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Bukerel, Andrew (d. 1237), merchant and mayor of London, was born into a prominent London family; there is no evidence to support claims that the family originated in either Devon or Italy. His father, also Andrew Bukerel, was one of the custodians appointed by ...

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Chigwell, Hamo [formerly Hamond Dene] (d. 1332), merchant and mayor of London, was born Hamond Dene, the son of Thomas and Cecilia Dene; like Richard Chigwell, from whom he inherited a life interest in some property and whose surname he took, he became a fishmonger, thus entering one of the most successful and best-organized trades in ...

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Clark, Alexander, of Balbirnie (d. 1591), merchant and provost of Edinburgh, is of unknown origins. He was in the service of and related by marriage to Henry Balnaves, a former royal secretary who was imprisoned for his protestant views in 1543. Clark formed an apparently irregular union with ...

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Clopton, Hugh (c. 1440–1496), merchant, mayor of London, and civil benefactor, was the younger son of John and Agnes Clopton, of Clopton, near Stratford upon Avon, where the family had been settled since the thirteenth century. Apprenticed to John Roo, mercer of London...

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Colet, Sir Henry (c. 1430–1505), merchant and mayor of London, was a younger son of Robert Colet of The Hale, Wendover, Buckinghamshire. He was apprenticed in 1446 to John Colet, mercer of London, his own elder brother. His marriage, c.1465, to Christian...

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Cook, Sir Thomas (c. 1410–1478), draper and mayor of London, was the eldest son of Thomas Cook, draper, a warden of London Bridge (1440–57), and grandson of Robert Cook of Lavenham, Suffolk; the family were probably weavers and clothiers and the move to become drapers of ...

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Davies, Sir Thomas (1631/2–1680), bookseller and lord mayor of London, was born between March 1631 and February 1632, one of the five children of John Davies (d. 1652) of Old Jewry in the City of London, merchant adventurer and member of the ...

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Dixie, Sir Wolstan (1524/5–1594), merchant and administrator, mayor of London, was the fourth son of Thomas Dixie, a husbandman of Catworth in Huntingdonshire, and of Anne Jephson. In 1547 he was apprenticed to a leading merchant adventurer and freeman of the Skinners' Company...

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Eastfield, Sir William (d. 1446), merchant and mayor of London, first appears in the records in 1419 as a mercer. He was probably the son of William Eastfield of Tickhill, Yorkshire, since in 1435 he acquired from Joan, widow of William Eastfield of ...

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Embleton, Richard (c. 1273–1333), merchant and mayor of Newcastle, is believed to have come from Embleton near Dunstanburgh, a barony given to Edmund, earl of Lancaster, after its forfeiture by Simon de Montfort. His parents are unknown, but he may have been related to the ...

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Eyre, Simon (c. 1395–1458), merchant, mayor of London, and civic benefactor, was the son of John and Amy Eyre of Brandon, Suffolk, where he was born. He was apprenticed in London to the upholder (second-hand clothes dealer) Peter Smert, but transferred to the more prestigious ...

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Fraunceys, Adam (c. 1310–1375), merchant and mayor of London, is of uncertain origin. His parents were called Adam and Constance, but who they were and where they lived is unknown. It is unlikely that the family came from London, and possible that Adam...

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See Fraunceys, Adam

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Gedney [Brodyng], John (d. 1449), draper and mayor of London, is of unknown origins. In a petition to parliament in 1419 he styled himself John Brodyng, alias Gedney. He may have been related to two other John Gedneys recorded in early fifteenth-century London...