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Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His career shows many parallels with that of the better-known Charles Turner Thackrah...

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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann Birtwistle, a hand-loom weaver. Put to the hand-loom at the age of six, he became a power-loom weaver when he was fourteen and married a fellow weaver, ...

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Buckland, Richard (d. 1436), merchant and administrator, was a member of the Fishmongers' Company in the city of London and treasurer of Calais. The names of his parents are unknown, although he had a brother, Christopher. The bequest in his will to the collegiate church of ...

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Walter McLennan Citrine, first Baron Citrine (1887–1983) by Howard Coster, 1938 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Citrine, Walter McLennan, first Baron Citrine (1887–1983), trade unionist and public servant, was born on 22 August 1887 in Liverpool, the second of three sons and third of five children of Alfred Citrine (1852–1937), seaman, of Liverpool, and his wife, Isabella (b...

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Dixie, Sir Wolstan (1524/5–1594), merchant and administrator, mayor of London, was the fourth son of Thomas Dixie, a husbandman of Catworth in Huntingdonshire, and of Anne Jephson. In 1547 he was apprenticed to a leading merchant adventurer and freeman of the Skinners' Company...

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Duncan, Sir Andrew Rae (1884–1952), industrial administrator and public servant, was born at Bower Lodge, Waterside, Irvine, Ayrshire, on 3 June 1884, one of eight children of George Duncan, a missionary and social worker, and his wife, Jessie Rae. He was educated at ...

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Sir Andrew Rae Duncan (1884–1952) by Howard Coster, 1940s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Forrester family

Article

Halyburton, Andrew (d. 1506), merchant and administrator, was probably a native of Edinburgh, where he owned a tenement on the north side of the High Street. Nothing is known of his family except that he had at least two sisters. By 1493 he had been appointed conservator of the privileges of the Scottish nation in the lands of the ...

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John Hawley the elder (c. 1350–1408) memorial brass by kind permission of Becky Wright Photos; St Saviour's Church, Dartmouth

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...

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Hichens, (William) Lionel [Nel] (1874–1940), public servant and industrialist, was born on 1 May 1874, at St Leonards, posthumous second son of John Ley Hichens, army surgeon, and his wife, Catherine Bacchus (1843–1924). He was educated at Winchester College, New College, Oxford, and in ...

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Leonard Horner (1785–1864) by unknown artist Heriot-Watt University Archive

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Legge, Sir Thomas Morison (1863–1932), factory inspector, was born on 6 January 1863 in Hong Kong, the younger son of Reverend James Legge (1815–1897), missionary and Chinese scholar, and his second wife, Hannah Mary Willetts, née Johnstone (1822–1881). He was educated at Dollar Academy, Clackmannanshire...

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Harold Vincent Mackintosh, first Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax (1891–1964) by Walter Bird, 1961 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mackintosh, Harold Vincent, first Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax (1891–1964), confectionery manufacturer and public administrator, was born in King's Cross Lane, Halifax, Yorkshire, on 8 June 1891, the eldest of three sons, all destined to enter the confectionery business founded by their father, John Mackintosh (1868–1920)...

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Merewether, Edward Rowland Alworth (1892–1970), factory inspector, was born on 2 March 1892 at 33 Arbour Square, Stepney, London, the only son and eldest of the three children of Alworth Edward Merewether (b. c.1870) later a Royal Navy surgeon, and his wife, ...

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See Morice, Sir William