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John Abernethy (1764–1831) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1819–20 St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives and Museum. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

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Acton, William John (1812/13–1875), surgeon specializing in genito-urinary disorders, was baptized at Shillingstone, Dorset, on 12 May 1814, the second son of Edward Acton (1785/6–1875), curate of the parish, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1788–1817). He had two brothers, John (who also went into the church) and ...

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J. F. Payne

revised by J. B. Lyons

Adams, Robert (1794/5–1875), surgeon, was born in Dublin, the son of Samuel Adams, a solicitor, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Filgate. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 6 November 1809, at the age of fourteen, and graduated BA in 1814 and MA in 1832; he became MB and MD in 1842. He began the study of medicine by apprenticeship to ...

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Baker, George (1540–1612), surgeon, was the second son of Christopher Baker of Tenterden, Kent. His grandfather was John Baker of Tenterden and his great-grandfather Simon Baker of Faversham, Kent. He had an elder brother, Peter, who was admiral of the Blue squadron and died a prisoner of war in ...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Bancroft, John (1655–1696), playwright and surgeon, was born in London, perhaps in the Postern, on 3 June 1655, the son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), sergeant carver to the lord mayor from 1660, and his second wife, Rebecka, née Cole (...

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Banister [formerly Banester], John (1532/3–1599?), surgeon, was the son of John Banister, apparently 'a minor official in the royal household' (Bindoff, 647), and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Lowth, of Sawtry, Huntingdon. He had a brother, Gabriel, and a sister, ...

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John Banister (1532/33–?1599) by English School, 16th cent. © Glasgow University Library, Scotland / Bridgeman Images

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Barrett, William (1727?–1789), surgeon and antiquary, was born at Notton in the parish of Lacock, Wiltshire, where he was baptized on 6 June 1729. Little is known of his parents except that they died while he was a child; his brother, Anthony Barrett...

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Sir Charles Bell (1774–1842) by John Stevens, c. 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Bewley, William (1726–1783), surgeon apothecary and writer, was a native of Massingham, in Norfolk, where he was born on 5 September 1726. He practised as a surgeon apothecary in Great Massingham, but is better known for his contribution, which spanned twenty years, of articles and reviews to the ...

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Bigsby, John Jeremiah (1792–1881), surgeon and geologist, was born on 4 August 1792 in Nottingham, the son of Dr Jacob Bigsby and his wife, Mary. Like his father, he pursued a career in medicine. He was first sent to school at St Andrews...

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Blizard, Sir William (bap. 1744, d. 1835), surgeon, the third of four sons and the fourth child of William Blizard and his wife, Elizabeth Robinson, was born in Barn Elms, Surrey, and baptized at St Mary's Church there on 26 February 1744. According to a biographical sketch in ...

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Sir Anthony Alfred Bowlby, first baronet (1855–1929) by Sir William Llewellyn, 1921 St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives and Museum. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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D'A. Power

revised by Ian R. Whitehead

Bowlby, Sir Anthony Alfred, first baronet (1855–1929), surgeon, was born at Namur, Belgium, on 10 May 1855, the third son of Thomas William Bowlby (1817–1860), who was then in Belgium acting as correspondent of The Times, and his wife, Frances Marion, youngest daughter of ...

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Jennett Humphreys

revised by John Whyman

Boys, William (1735–1803), surgeon and topographer, was born in Deal, Kent, on 7 September 1735, the eldest son of Commodore William Boys (1700–1774), afterwards lieutenant-governor of Greenwich Hospital, and Elizabeth Pearson of Deal. He practised as a surgeon in Sandwich and devoted much of his spare time to literature and scientific research. Descended from an ancient ...

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John Ashton

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Brett, Robert (1808–1874), surgeon, was born on 11 September 1808 at Luton, Bedfordshire, where he was baptized in February 1809, the son of John Brett, a farmer, and his wife Martha. As soon as he was old enough, he entered St George's Hospital, London...

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...