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Barham, Joseph Foster (1759–1832), slave owner and politician, was born in London on 1 January 1759, the eldest son of Joseph Foster Barham (1729–1789), and his wife, Dorothea (d. 1781), daughter of Erasmus Vaughan of Trecŵn, Pembrokeshire. The musician and writer Thomas Foster Barham...

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Barrett, Richard (1789–1839), slave owner and politician, was born in England on 11 October 1789, the second son of Samuel Barrett (1765–1794), a captain in the Horse Grenadier Guards, and Elizabeth Barrett Williams, née Waite (1754–1834), a widow. Barrett's mother and father were cousins and remained unmarried. ...

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Berridge, James (1774–1851), colonial official and slave owner, was born on 19 May 1774 in Bedford, the fifth son and fifth of the six children of William Berridge and his wife, Elizabeth, née Hood (1732–1812), sixth daughter of John Hood, a yeoman of ...

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Boddington, Samuel (1766–1843), West India merchant, slave owner, and collector, was born in London on 17 June 1766, the second son of Benjamin Boddington (d. 1791), a London West India merchant, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Samuel Rickards, a haberdasher of ...

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Bolton, John (1756–1837), West India and South American merchant, slave trader, and slave owner, was born in King Street, Ulverston, Lancashire, on 22 March 1756, the third and youngest son of Abraham Bolton (d. 1764), apothecary, and his wife, Ann, née Philipson...

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Burge, William (1786–1849), barrister, slave owner, and anti-abolition advocate, was born in Castle Cary, Somerset, on 18 April 1786, the eldest son in the family of three sons and six daughters of John Burge (1746–1810), stocking maker, and his wife, Elizabeth (1760–1804), daughter of the ...

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Burnley, William Hardin (1780–1850), slave owner and colonial politician, was born in New York City on 21 April 1780, the son of Hardin Burnley (1741–1823) and his wife, Catherine, née Maitland (1752/3–1827). His great-grandfather, John Burnley, was born about 1670 in England and became an army officer; he married ...

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Jack Burton (fl. 1831–1862) by William Notman, 1861 © McCord Museum (I-0.55.1)

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Burton, Jack [alias John Anderson] (fl. 1831–1862), fugitive slave, was born around 1831 in Howard county, Missouri, USA, the property of a tobacco farmer, Moses Burton. By his own account he was separated from his mother when aged about ten, as she was sold to another farmer. On Christmas day 1850 he underwent a form of marriage to ...

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Codrington, Christopher Bethell (1764–1843), slave owner and politician, was born in October 1764. He was baptized Christopher Codrington at St Botolph without Bishopsgate, London, on 13 November 1764, the eldest son of Edward Codrington (1732–1775), a West India merchant in London, and his wife, ...

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Diallo, Ayuba Suleiman [Job Ben Solomon] (c. 1701–1773), Muslim cleric and slave, was born about 1701 in Bundu, west Africa, the son of Suleiman Diallo, otherwise Solomon or Soliman Dgiallo, a prominent Fulbe political and Islamic leader. He spoke several African languages, and Arabic, which he could also read and write, and by the late 1720s had married two wives and had several children. In 1730, with his interpreter ...

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Ayuba Suleiman Diallo (c. 1701–1773) by William Hoare, 1733 © Christies Images / Bridgeman Images

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Ewing, James (1775–1853), West India merchant, slave owner, and civic leader, was born in Glasgow on 5 December 1775, the fifth child (and second son) of Walter Ewing (d. 1814) and his wife, Margaret, née Fisher (d. 1815). His father, who assumed the additional surname ...

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Gronniosaw, Ukawsaw [pseud. James Albert] (1710x14–1775), freed slave and autobiographer, was probably born in Bornu (now north-eastern Nigeria), the youngest of the six children of the eldest daughter of the king of Bournou (Bornu). Spiritually dissatisfied with the animist faith in which he was brought up, he soon alienated himself from his friends and relatives by his constant questions challenging their faith in physical objects, as well as by his growing belief in the existence of an uncreated creator. Increasingly 'dejected and melancholy' (...

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Henson, Josiah (1789–1883), escaped slave, slavery abolitionist, and Methodist minister, was born on 15 June 1789 in Charles county, Maryland, USA, one of six children of slave parents. He experienced the harsh realities of slavery early in life. He saw his father receive 100 lashes and then have his ear cut off as punishment for defending his mother from the plantation overseer. His father was then sold south and was never heard from again. ...

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Kennedy [known as Douglas], Scipio [Sipio] (1693x7–1774), freed slave and weaver, was born in Guinea, on the west African coast, from where he was taken by slave ship to Jamaica about 1702. Details of his family are unknown. On his arrival in ...

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Knight, Joseph (b. c. 1753), slave and litigant, was born in west Africa, where he was captured and sold to a Captain Knight. Captain Knight, by whose surname he was subsequently known, sold him in Jamaica, aged about thirteen, to John Wedderburn, probably in 1766. ...

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Lee, William (fl. 1768–1804), slave, was probably born in the mid-eighteenth century in Virginia, the son of African slaves. He first appears in the historical record in 1768 when he was sold to George Washington by Mary Lee, a friend and neighbour of the ...

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Lee, William (fl. 1768–1804)

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Lyon, David, senior (bap. 1754, d. 1827), West India merchant and slave owner, was baptized at Brechin, Forfarshire (Angus), on 5 August 1754, the second son of John Lyon and his wife, Jane Ochterlony, the daughter of Alexander Ochterlony of Pitforthy, Forfarshire. John Lyon's...