1-18 of 18 results  for:

  • Manufacture and trade x
  • manufacture of clothing, fashion, and textiles x
  • manufacture of machinery and tools x
Clear all

Image

Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1789–90 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Arkwright, Sir Richard (1732–1792), inventor of cotton-spinning machinery and cotton manufacturer, was born on 23 December 1732 at Preston, Lancashire, the sixth of the seven children of Thomas Arkwright (1691–1753), a tailor, and his wife, Ellen Hodgkinson (1693–1778). The family was rooted in ...

Article

Bell, Thomas (fl. 1783–1784), inventor of cylinder printing in the textile industry, was probably born in Scotland. He became a copperplate-engraver and printer, and by the 1780s he was living at Mosney, then at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, an important region of calico printing. His move to ...

Article

Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827), inventor of the spinning mule, was born at Firwood Fold, Tonge, near Bolton, Lancashire, on 3 December 1753, the eldest son of George Crompton (1726–1758) and Elizabeth Holt (1725–1799) of nearby Turton. Firwood Farm had been held by Cromptons since Tudor times; ...

Image

Samuel Crompton (1753–1827) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, pubd 1828 (after Charles Allingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hall, Samuel (bap. 1782, d. 1863), cotton spinner and engineer, was baptized on 17 March 1782 at Basford, Nottinghamshire, the second son of Robert Hall (1754–1827), cotton manufacturer and bleacher, and his wife, Ann. Marshall Hall, the physiologist, was his younger brother. In 1813 ...

Article

Hargreaves, James (bap. 1721, d. 1778), inventor of the spinning jenny, was born in Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, and baptized at Church Kirk on 8 January 1721. His exact birthplace is unknown, and apart from the fact that he became a hand-loom weaver, little has been discovered of his early life. His parents had one other child, ...

Article

Heathcoat, John (1783–1861), inventor of the bobbin net machine and lace manufacturer, was born at Duffield, near Derby, on 7 August 1783, the son of Francis Heathcote (or Heathcoat), a farmer and grazier, and his wife Elizabeth née Burton. The family moved to ...

Image

John Heathcoat (1783–1861) by William Holl © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

Image

John Kay (1704–178081) by unknown engraver Science & Society Picture Library

Article

Kay, John (1704–1780/81), inventor of textile manufacturing machinery, was born at Park Farm in the township of Walmersley in the parish of Bury, Lancashire, on 16 July 1704, the fifth son of Robert Kay (1651–1704) and his wife, Ellen, née Entwistle, of Quarlton...

Article

See Kay, John

Article

Lister, Samuel Cunliffe-, first Baron Masham (1815–1906), inventor of textile machinery, born at Calverly Hall, near Bradford, on 1 January 1815, was the fourth son in the large family of Ellis Cunliffe Lister-Kay (d. 1854) of Manningham and Farfield, and his second wife, ...

Image

Samuel Cunliffe Lister, first Baron Masham (1815–1906) by Frank Holl, 1882 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

R. B. Prosser

revised by Maxwell Craven and Susan Christian

Lombe, Sir Thomas (1685–1739), merchant and inventor of silk-throwing machinery, eldest son of Henry Lombe, worsted weaver, of Norwich, was born at Norwich on 5 September 1685. The father died about 1695, leaving his sons Thomas and Henry under the care of his executors, while the surviving younger son ...

Article

George Stronach

revised by David J. Jeremy

Orr, Hugh (1715–1798), toolmaker and textile manufacturer in America, was born probably on 2 January 1715 (other sources give 13 January 1717) at Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire, the son of Robert Orr. Trained as a gunsmith and door-lock filer he emigrated to America in 1740, in his twenties, and settled at ...

Article

Raper, George Frederick (1909–1973), mechanical engineer and inventor of wool textile machinery, was born at 7 Cranbourne Road, Bradford, on 4 April 1909, the son of Arthur Ernest Raper (1870–1948) and his wife, Maggie Maud, née Smith (1878/9–1960). Arthur Raper was chairman and managing director of the long-established woolcombers ...