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Adamson, Sir (William Owen) Campbell (1922–2000), industrialist, was born on 26 June 1922 at 17 Hamilton Drive, Glasgow, the only son of John Adamson, chartered accountant, who became senior partner of Arthur Young (later Ernst and Young), a leading accountancy firm, and his wife, ...

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Akers, Sir Wallace Alan (1888–1954), chemist and industrialist, was born on 9 September 1888 at Walthamstow, the second child of Charles Akers, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Ethelreda Brown. He was educated at Lake House School in Bexhill, and at Aldenham School...

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Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 28 November 1810 at Brockholes, near Brookhouse, Ovenden, Halifax, the eldest of the ten children of Jonathan Akroyd (1782–1847) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of David Wright of Ovenden. Educated locally by an Anglican clergyman and at the ...

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Daniel Albone (1860–1906) by unknown photographer, c.1902 © Biggleswade History Society

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Albone, Daniel [Dan] (1860–1906), cycle and motor tractor manufacturer, was born at the Ongley Arms inn, Shortmead Street, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, on 12 September 1860, the fourth son and youngest of eight children of Edward Albone (d. 1864), publican and market gardener, and his wife, ...

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Allen, Sir Peter Christopher (1905–1993), chemist and industrialist, was born at Mawmead, Ashtead, Surrey, on 8 September 1905, the son of Sir Ernest King Allen (1864–1937), barrister and later assistant public trustee, and his wife, Florence Mary, née Gellatly. After Harrow School (1919–24) he studied natural sciences at ...

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Alper, Samuel [Sam] (1924–2002), caravan manufacturer, was born on 25 April 1924 at 351 Queens Road, Plaistow, Essex, the son of Morris Alper and his wife, Lily, née Levy. His father was described as a draper on Alper's birth certificate but as a hairdresser on his second marriage certificate. ...

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Amory, Derick Heathcoat, first Viscount Amory (1899–1981), industrialist and politician, was born on 26 December 1899 in London, the second son of Sir Ian Murray Heathcoat Heathcoat-Amory, second baronet (1865–1931), and his wife, Alexandra Georgina (d. 1942), daughter of Vice-Admiral Henry George Seymour...

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Derick Heathcoat Amory, first Viscount Amory (1899–1981) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, William (1835–1914), industrial designer, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in Coventry on 17 March 1835, the only son of three children of James and Isabella Andrews. His father was a Scot, a former regular soldier, and small businessman of Coventry. Andrews attended ...

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Angus, Sir Michael Richardson (1930–2010), industrialist, was born on 5 May 1930 at Pound Farm, Kingsnorth, Ashford, Kent, the son of William Richardson Angus, optician, and his wife, Doris Margaret, née Breach (1907–1989). He was educated at Marling School, Stroud, Gloucestershire, where he was head of school, and the ...

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William George Armstrong, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1890 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Armstrong, William George, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900), armaments manufacturer and industrialist, was born on 26 November 1810 at 9 Pleasant Row, Shieldfield, Newcastle upon Tyne, the second child and only son of William Armstrong (1778–1857), corn merchant and local politician, of Tyneside...

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Arnott, Sir John, first baronet (1814–1898), industrialist, was born on 26 July 1814 at Auchtermuchty, Fife, the son of John Arnott (d. 1878) JP, of Greenfield, Auchtermuchty, and his first wife, Elizabeth Paton. He was educated at Auchtermuchty School, and was apprenticed to a draper, ...

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Ashton, Thomas Gair, first Baron Ashton of Hyde (1855–1933), industrialist and politician, was born at Ashfield, Fallowfield, Lancashire, on 5 February 1855, the eldest son of Thomas Ashton (1818–1898), cotton manufacturer, of Hyde, Cheshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (1831–1914), daughter of Samuel Stillman Gair...

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Bagrit, Sir Leon (1902–1979), industrialist, was born on 13 March 1902 in Kiev, Ukraine, the younger son and second of three children of Manuel Bagrit, jewellery designer and jeweller, and his wife, Rachel Yousopovich. The family left Russia when he was a small child and arrived in ...

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Bailey, Sir George Edwin (1879–1965), electrical engineer and industrialist, was born in Loughborough on 19 October 1879, the tenth child of Thomas W. Bailey, master tailor, and his second wife, Ann Wilmot. He was educated at Loughborough grammar school, and entered the works of the ...

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Bain, Sir Frederick William (1889–1950), chemist and industrialist, was born on 22 March 1889 at Macduff, Banffshire, the son of James Bain, agent for the Macduff Commercial Company, and his wife, Isabella Strachan. Educated at the Banff Academy, he was only seventeen when the death of his father put an end to his hopes of a university career. He moved with his mother and younger sister to ...

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Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...