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Thompson Cooper

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Anderson, John (1747–1820), merchant and stagecoach operator, was born in western Scotland in very humble circumstances, the son of David Anderson, of Portland. He moved to Glasgow, and after making £500 through dealing in herring he moved to Cork, in 1780, and became an export merchant....

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Bates, Sir Percy Elly, fourth baronet (1879–1946), merchant and shipowner, was born at Beechenhurst, Wavertree, Liverpool, on 12 May 1879, the second of seven sons of Edward Percy Bates (1845–1899), who became second baronet, and his wife, Constance Elisabeth, daughter of Samuel Robert Graves...

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Sir Percy Elly Bates, fourth baronet (1879–1946) by George Charles Beresford, 1913 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Bond, Martin

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Booth, Alfred (1834–1914), merchant and shipowner, was born on 3 September 1834 in Liverpool, the eldest son of Charles Booth (1799–1860) of the same city and Emily Fletcher (1803–1853). His father's family ran a corn-factoring business and his mother's side was descended from ...

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See Courten, Sir William

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Crab, John (c. 1280–c. 1352), pirate and merchant, was probably born in Muiden in Flanders. Active as a pirate from at least 1306, he was the most notorious of the Flemish privateers who preyed on English shipping during the Scottish War of Independence. His nephew ...

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Croft, Thomas (c. 1435–1488), customs official, shipowner, and patron of Atlantic exploration, was the son of William Croft (d. 1439) of Croft Castle, Herefordshire, and Isabella, presumably a second wife. He was born during the 1430s, the youngest of four brothers, including ...

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Dawes, Sir Edwyn Sandys (1838–1903), merchant and shipowner, was born at Dilhorne, Staffordshire, on 27 January 1838, the second son of the Revd Charles Thomas Dawes (1793–1863) and his wife, Mary Henrietta (1804–1875), daughter of Captain Henry Sherwood, army officer, and Mrs Mary Martha Sherwood (1775–1851)...

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Eldred, Thomas (1561–1624), mariner and merchant, was born in Brook Street, St Mary Quay, Ipswich, Suffolk, on 24 October 1561 and was baptized at St Mary Quay Church on 8 November following. He was the second, and eldest surviving, of the six sons of ...

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Fenner, George (c. 1540–1618), merchant and privateer, is of unknown parentage. However, the name Fenner was common in west Sussex, and the family into which he was born has been described variously as a mercantile clan in Chichester itself, or as a minor but armigerous gentry family based at ...

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Gibson, Francis (bap. 1752, d. 1805), mariner and collector of customs, was baptized at Whitby, Yorkshire, on 16 January 1752, the son of Joseph Gibson, commander of a merchant ship, and his wife, Mary, daughter of a customs controller at Whitby. He was sent to the day school run by ...

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Gibson, Walter (b. c. 1645, d. in or after 1717), merchant and shipowner, was the eldest son of John Gibson (d. 1679), portioner of Newtoun (otherwise Overton or Overnewtoun), Lanarkshire. Walter Gibson's brothers John, Andrew, and Ninian were merchants, while another brother, ...

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Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the seventeenth century and Goldsborough bequeathed a life interest in an estate in Suffolk to his wife; otherwise there are no indications of links with the county. He also left her house property in ...

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Hammond, William (1727–1793), master mariner and merchant, of Kirk Ella, East Riding of Yorkshire, was the son of Anthony Hammond (1696–1759) and his wife, Mary Hayes. He was accepted as a younger brother of the Hull Trinity House in 1749, eventually becoming an elder brother and three times warden, in 1779, 1785, and 1792. As a representative of the house he regularly attended sessions of the ...

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Hawkins, William (b. before 1490, d. 1554/5), merchant and sea captain, was probably born in Tavistock, Devon, the eldest of three children of John Hawkins (d. in or before 1490), merchant, of Tavistock, and his wife, Joan, daughter of William and Margaret Amadas...

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Hawkins, William (c. 1519–1589), merchant and sea captain, was the elder of two sons of William Hawkins (b. before 1490, d. 1554/5), merchant and MP, and his wife, Joan, only child of Roger Trelawny, of Brightor, Cornwall. Little is known of his youth, but he probably served on some of his father's voyages to ...

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Hawkins, William (b. c. 1560), sea captain and merchant, was the eldest of the three children of William Hawkins (c. 1519–1589), sea captain, merchant, and shipowner, and his first (unknown) wife, and nephew of Sir John Hawkins (1532–1595). He served in Sir Francis Drake's...

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John Hawley the elder (c. 1350–1408) memorial brass by kind permission of Becky Wright Photos; St Saviour's Church, Dartmouth

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...