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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Sir Thomas Bazley, first baronet (1797–1885) by John & Charles Watkins © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bazley, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1797–1885), cotton spinner and politician, was born on 27 May 1797 at Gilnow, near Bolton, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Bazley (1773–1845), sometime cotton manufacturer, mathematician, and journalist, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Charles Hilton of ...

Article

Callender, William Romaine (1825–1876), cotton spinner and politician, was born on 2 June 1825 at 7 Nelson Street, Chorlton Row, Manchester, the elder son of William Romaine Callender (1794–1872), merchant and calico printer, and his first wife, Hannah, the daughter of Samuel Pope...

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Richard Cobden (1804–1865) by Giuseppe Fagnani, 1865 [replica; original, 1860–61] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cobden, Richard (1804–1865), manufacturer and politician, was born on 3 June 1804 in a small farmhouse at Dunford near the village of Heyshott in Sussex, the fourth of eleven children of William Cobden (1775–1833) and his wife, Millicent, née Amber (1775–1825).

Article

Emmott, Alfred, Baron Emmott (1858–1926), politician and cotton manufacturer, was born at Chadderton, near Oldham, on 8 May 1858, the third son of Thomas Emmott, cotton manufacturer, of Oldham, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of John Barlow, of Chorley, Lancashire. Educated at the ...

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Alfred Emmott, Baron Emmott (1858–1926) by unknown photographer, c. 1899 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Fielden, Joshua (1827–1887), cotton manufacturer and politician, was born on 8 March 1827 at Dawson Weir, Todmorden, Lancashire, the sixth of the seven surviving children of John Fielden (1784–1849) and his first wife, Ann Grindrod (d. 1832), the daughter of a Rochdale...

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Houldsworth, Sir William Henry, first baronet (1834–1917), cotton industrialist and politician, was born on 20 August 1834 at Ardwick, Manchester, the fourth son of Henry Houldsworth (1797–1868), cotton spinner, and his first wife, Helen, daughter of James Hamilton of Glasgow and his wife, ...

Article

McCabe, William Putnam (c. 1776–1821), Irish nationalist and cotton manufacturer, was born in Belfast, the third of four children of Thomas McCabe (c.1739–1820), watchmaker, cotton manufacturer, and United Irishman, and his first wife, Jean Woolsey (d. June 1790), daughter of ...

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Peel, Sir Robert, first baronet (1750–1830), calico printer and politician, was born at Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, on 25 April 1750, the third of the seven sons of Robert Peel (1723–1795), a dealer (or chapman) in the linen and cotton cloth known as ‘Blackburn Greys’, and his wife, ...

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Sir Robert Peel, first baronet (1750–1830) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1825 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Potter, Edmund (1802–1883), calico printer and politician, was born on 25 January 1802 at Ardwick, Manchester, the second of six children of James Potter, merchant, and his wife, Mary, and was baptized at Cross Street Unitarian Chapel on 28 April 1802. On 3 October 1829 he married ...