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Baillie, James Evan (1781?–1863), merchant, banker, and politician, was born in Bristol, probably in 1781, into a successful Scottish merchant-planter family that had settled in Bristol in the 1770s. He was baptized at St Augustine-the-Less, Bristol, on 26 June 1782, the third but second surviving son of ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

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Cazenove, John (1788–1879), merchant and political economist, was born in London on 12 May 1788. He was the third son of James Cazenove (1744–1827), a merchant of French Huguenot origin, who emigrated from Geneva and married (1781) Marie-Anne Sophie Houssemayne Du Boulay, daughter of the pastor of the French church in ...

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Decker, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1679–1749), political economist and merchant, was born in Amsterdam, the son of Derrick (Dirk) Decker, of Amsterdam, and his wife, Katherina. He received his commercial education under Burgomaster Velters of Amsterdam, but in 1702 travelled to London to establish himself as a merchant, and was naturalized in February 1704, at the second attempt. He then consolidated his business interests, and it was through trader and banker ...

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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George Drummond (1687–1766) by Sir George Chalmers, 1764 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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La Touche, William George Digges (1747–1803), East India Company servant and banker, was born on 28 August 1747, the eldest son of James Digges La Touche (1707–1763), a poplin merchant, and his second wife, Matilda, daughter of William Thwaites. His paternal grandfather, David La Touche (1671–1745)...

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Mackworth, Sir Humphry (1657–1727), industrial entrepreneur and politician, was born in January 1657 at Betton Strange or Grange, Little Betton, Shropshire, the second son of Thomas Mackworth (c.1628–1696), landowner, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Richard Bulkeley of Buntingsdale, Shropshire. The ...

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McIntosh, Andrew Robert, Baron McIntosh of Haringey (1933–2010), market researcher and politician, was born on 30 April 1933 in the Royal Free Hospital, Hampstead, London, the elder of two children of Albert William McIntosh (1904–1994), then a clerk for a business consultant, and his wife, ...

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Miles, Philip John (1774–1845), banker, slave owner, and politician, was born at Bristol on 1 March 1774, the second son of William Miles (d. 1803), merchant, of Bristol and Clifton, and his wife, Sarah née Berrow. His father had gained experience as a young merchant correspondent in ...

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See Mond family

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Morris, Corbyn (1710–1779), customs administrator and economist, is a figure about whose origins and early life nothing is known. He was probably the son of Edmund Morris and his wife, Margaret, and baptized at Bishop's Castle, Shropshire, on 19 August 1710. He first attracted notice by the publication in 1741 of ...

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See Nesbitt family

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Pollexfen, John (1636–1715), merchant and political economist, was the second son of Andrew Pollexfen of Stancombe Dawney, in the parish of Sherford, Devon, and his wife, Joan, daughter of John Woollcombe of Yealmpton. His relations with his elder brother, Sir Henry Pollexfen, were not always smooth because of resentment that his brother had inherited the entire family estate. ...

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Salmon, Brian Lawson (1917–2001), businessman and public servant, was born on 30 June 1917 at 127 Oakwood Court, Kensington, London, the son of Julius Salmon, caterer, then serving as a lieutenant on the army staff, and his wife, Emma Constance, née Gluckstein. He was a member of a talented, entrepreneurial Jewish family, linked in marriage and business with the ...

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Sir William Scawen (1646/77–1722) by unknown artist, c.1722 photograph © Scott Brawn

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Scawen, Sir William (1646/7–1722), merchant and politician, was born in St Germans, Cornwall, the fifth son of Robert Scawen (1602–1670) of Horton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Cavendish Alsop, a London merchant. His younger brother Thomas 1654–1730 [see below]...