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Bacon [Bacun], John (c. 1250–c. 1323), justice, was probably born in north-east Suffolk, near Great Yarmouth. He began his career as a junior clerk of the Westminster bench, c.1273. By 1280 he had entered the service of the more senior royal clerk, ...

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Bacon, Sir Thomas (d. 1336), justice, apparently came from Norfolk, where he held land at Burnham Deepdale. His parentage is unknown, but he seems to have been connected in some way with Sir Edmund Bacon, who held the manor of Gresham; suggestions that he was lord of ...

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Bainard [Baynard], Fulk (b. in or before 1167, d. in or after 1243), justice and administrator, was the elder son of Fulk Bainard and his wife, Christina. He had succeeded his father by 1189, holding most of his lands as a subtenant of the ...

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Bank [Banke], Richard (d. 1415), justice, was probably the son of John Bank of Bank Newton in Gargrave, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Bank seems likely to have distinguished himself during his legal training at one of the London inns of court, for his is the only name of a practising lawyer found in the moot cases of the period. He first appears in government records in 1388, when, as ...

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J. H. Round

revised by Ralph V. Turner

Bardolf, Hugh (d. 1203), justice, was the son of Hugh Bardolf (d. c.1176), a Lincolnshire knight, and of Isabel, possibly of the Twist family of South Carlton, Lincolnshire. In 1200 he married Mabel de Limesy, daughter of Gerard de Limesy, and sister and coheir of ...

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Basset, Ralph (d. 1127?), justice, was included by the chronicler Orderic Vitalis in his list of new men raised from the dust by Henry I, men allegedly of obscure birth who rose by their service to Henry and acquired great wealth in the process. He came from ...

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Basset, Thomas (d. c. 1182), justice, belonged to a distinguished family of royal servants which began with Ralph Basset (d. 1127?), the brother of Thomas's father, Gilbert (d. in or before 1154). Thomas Basset had entered Henry II's service by 1163. His first known post in the royal administration was as sheriff of ...

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Basset, Sir William (d. 1356/7), justice, was a Yorkshireman, probably from the neighbourhood of Selby—a grant of free warren in 1340 described him as holding land at Barlow, South Duffield, and Brayton, all in that region. He may have been the son of the ...

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Basset, William (d. in or after 1185), justice and sheriff, was a younger son of Richard Basset (d. in or before 1144) and grandson of Ralph Basset (d. 1127?), who were among the new men staffing Henry I's government. His mother was Matilda...

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Basset, William (d. 1249), justice, was a justice in eyre on the 1226–8 circuit (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Cambridgeshire) and the 1232 circuit (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire). Round believed that this William Basset may have been the son of ...

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Bassingbourn, Humphrey of (d. 1238x41), ecclesiastic and justice, was a native of Bassingbourn in Cambridgeshire, related to the local lords of the manor, including Warin of Bassingbourn, a prominent counsellor of King John. In 1206 Humphrey was presented by the king to Bassingbourn church...

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Batesford, John (d. 1319), justice, is first referred to in 1273 as a former clerk of the exchequer of the Jews. Although his surname suggests a Suffolk origin, there is no other evidence to connect him with that county, and his property acquisitions and dealings suggest that he may have come from ...

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Bath, Henry of (d. 1260), justice and administrator, began his career as an administrator under his kinsman Hugh of Bath, whose chattels came to Henry when he died in 1236. Hugh was a cleric who was keeper of the honour of Berkhamsted until about 1222, and was successively under-sheriff of ...

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Baukwell [Bankwell], Roger (d. in or after 1350), justice, derived his name from Bakewell in Derbyshire, where he appears to have held property. His parentage is unknown. He is first recorded in Michaelmas term 1314, acting as an attorney in the court of common pleas...

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Baynard [Banyard], Robert (d. 1329/30), administrator and justice, was the son of Robert Baynard and his wife, Joan, and the grandson of Fulk Bainard. The family was one of Norfolk gentry, with their principal residence at Great Hautbois. Robert Baynard senior appears to have been still alive in 1302, raising the possibility of confusion between father and son, but as the former had been of age by about 1230, it was probably the younger ...

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Bealknap, Sir Robert (d. 1401), justice, was a son of John Bealknap and his wife, Alice. John Bealknap may have been a counsel in 1348 and more probably a commissioner on piracy in Shoreham by Sea, Sussex, in 1354.

Robert Bealknap is recorded on a commission in ...

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Beauchamp, Robert de (c. 1195–1251/2), justice and baron, was the son of Simon de Vautort and of the daughter and heir of Robert de Beauchamp (d. 1195), lord of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset, whose surname he took. An infant at his father’s death, by 1202 his wardship had been granted to ...

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Beauchamp, Walter de (1192/3–1236), justice, was the second son and eventual heir of William (II) de Beauchamp, who was lord of Elmley Castle in Worcestershire, and hereditary castellan of Worcester and sheriff of the county. At William's death in 1197, his heir was his eldest son ...

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Beauchamp, William de [William de Beauchamp of Bedford] (c. 1185–1260), judge and sheriff, was the son of Simon de Beauchamp (c. 1145–1206/7) [see under Beauchamp, de, family] and his wife, Isabella, whose antecedents are unknown. William's first wife, Gunnora (d...

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Beckingham, Elias [Ellis] (d. 1307?), justice, came from Beckingham in Lincolnshire. He is first mentioned as a court clerk in 1258. He was probably already then a relatively senior clerk in the service of the senior royal justice, Gilbert of Preston. Beckingham was ...