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Cleaver, Euseby Digby [Eusebh D. Mac Cliabhair] (1826–1894), Church of England clergyman and promoter of the Irish language, was born on 8 March 1826 at Delgany, co. Wicklow, the eldest son of William Cleaver, rector of the parish, and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone (1909–1991), Celtic scholar, was born on 1 November 1909 at Melville, Lavender Vale, Beddington, Surrey, the younger child of Alan Stuart Jackson (1877–1964), stockbroker, and his wife, Lucy Jane, née Hurlstone (1879–1970). While his father's family included clerics and civil servants, his mother's contained several artists, notably ...

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Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1909–1991) by Walter Bird, 1959 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kirk, Robert (1644–1692), Gaelic scholar, was born on 9 December 1644, probably at Aberfoyle, Perthshire, the seventh and youngest son of James Kirk (1608/1609?–1658), minister there, and his wife, Elizabeth Carkettle (d. 1679). He studied at Edinburgh University (where he graduated MA on 19 July 1661), and afterwards at ...

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Macintosh, Donald (1743–1808), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and Gaelic scholar, was born at Orchilmore, near Killiecrankie, Perthshire, the son of a tenant farmer. After attending the parish school he went to Edinburgh, where he worked from 1774 as a penny postman. He subsequently became a copying clerk and tutor to the family of ...

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Raymond, Anthony (1675–1726), Church of Ireland clergyman and Irish language scholar, was born at Ballyloughrane, near Listowel, co. Kerry, the second son of Anthony Raymond and his wife, Ann (née Taylor). The father was the second of the family to hold land in ...

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Renzy, Sir Matthew de (1577–1634), customs official and Gaelic scholar, was born in 1577 in 'Cullen' (probably Cologne), Germany. Having spent some time as a cloth dealer in Antwerp, he moved to London and lived there as a merchant stranger in ...

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Shaw, William (1749–1831), Gaelic grammarian and lexicographer, was born on 3 February 1749 at Clachaig on the island of Arran. He received his early education in Ayr and, from about 1768, at the University of Glasgow, where he was awarded the degree of MA, apparently in 1772, though one source gives 1777 as the date of his graduation. While a student he taught at a grammar school in ...

Article

A. J. G. Mackay

revised by W. D. H. Sellar

Skene, William Forbes (1809–1892), historian and Celtic scholar, the second of seven children of James Skene (1775–1864) of Rubislaw, near Aberdeen, and Jane (1787–1862), daughter of Sir William Forbes, sixth baronet, of Pitsligo, Aberdeenshire, was born on 7 June 1809 at Inverie, Kincardineshire...

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William Forbes Skene (1809–1892) by Sir George Reid, 1888 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

D. L. Thomas

revised by Beti Jones

Williams, Robert (1810–1881), Celtic scholar and antiquary, was born at Conwy, Caernarvonshire, on 29 June 1810, the second son of Robert Williams, perpetual curate of Llandudno. He attended Beaumaris and Shrewsbury schools, before matriculating as servitor on 10 June 1828 from Christ Church, Oxford...