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Anderson, Alfred (1896–2005), joiner and soldier, was born on 25 June 1896 at 20 Kinloch Street, Dundee, the third son of Andrew Anderson (1864–1945) and his wife, Christina, née Emmerson (1868–1945). His parents had emigrated to Chicago, Illinois, and were married there in 1888. However, nostalgia for ...

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Anderson, Sir John (1814–1886), inventor of ordnance manufacture machinery and arsenal manager, was born at Woodside, near Aberdeen, on 9 December 1814, the posthumous child of a local merchant, J. Anderson, and his wife, Helen Hosie. His mother remarried and his stepfather, Irvine Kempt...

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Anderson, Sir William (1835–1898), director-general of the Royal Ordnance factories, was born in St Petersburg on 5 January 1835, the fourth son of John Anderson, a member of the firm of Matthews, Anderson & Co., bankers and merchants of St Petersburg, and his wife, ...

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Bickford, William (bap. 1774, d. 1834), currier and inventor of the safety fuse, was baptized in Ashburton, Devon, on 23 January 1774, the son of William and Mary Beckford. He was in business as a currier, dressing and colouring tanned leather, first rather unsuccessfully in ...

Article

Brampton, Sir Edward [Duarte Brandão] (c. 1440–1508), soldier and merchant, was born in Lisbon c.1440, reputedly the illegitimate son of Rui Barba and the wife of a Jewish blacksmith. About 1468 he travelled to England and converted to Christianity. As was usual in such cases, the ...

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Bulloch, James Dunwoody (1823–1901), naval officer and merchant, was born near Savannah, Georgia, USA, on 25 June 1823, the son of Major James Stephens Bulloch (1793–1849), a member of the company which owned the pioneer steamship Savannah, and his wife, Hester Amarintha (1797–1831)...

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Burton, William (c. 1608–1673), merchant and naval administrator, came from an obscure and probably humble Norfolk family. Nothing is known of his parents. He was apprenticed to a Yarmouth merchant and became a freeman of the town in 1630, a common councillor by 1641, and an alderman in 1649. ...

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Call, Sir John, first baronet (1732–1801), East India Company servant and military engineer, was born on 30 June 1732 at Fenny Park, near Tiverton, Devon, the son of John Call (1704–1766) of Prestacott in Launcells, Cornwall, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Mill...

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Campbell, Lorne Maclaine, of Airds (1902–1991), army officer and wine merchant, was born at The Airds, Argyll, Scotland, on 22 July 1902, the eldest of the three sons of Colonel (Ian) Maxwell Campbell of Airds (1870–1954), army officer and wine merchant, and his wife, ...

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Colnett, James (bap. 1753, d. 1806), naval officer and fur trader, was baptized on 18 October 1753 at Stoke Damerel parish church, Plymouth, the son of James and Sarah Colnett. He went to sea in June 1770 as an able seaman in the ...

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Crawford, John Scott (1889–1978), army officer and military supplies administrator, was born on 6 February 1889 at 13 Clifton Road, West Derby, Lancashire, the son of John Paton Crawford, an assistant manager at a marine engine works, and his wife, Ellen Edith Scott...

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Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader, was born in Ramsey, Isle of Man, the son of Edmund Crow (1730–1809), a tradesman, and his wife, Judith (1737–1807). He lost his right eye in infancy, but despite this was apprenticed to a boat builder in ...

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Cuckney, John Graham, Baron Cuckney (1925–2008), intelligence officer and industrialist, was born on 12 July 1925 in India, the only surviving son of Ernest John Cuckney (1896–1965), Royal Air Force officer, and his wife, Lilian, née Williams (1898–1976). His father was air officer commanding ...

Image

John Graham Cuckney, Baron Cuckney (1925–2008) by unknown photographer, 1977 © PLA collection / Museum of London

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Davies, Francis Thomas (1906–1988), intelligence officer and industrialist, was born on 9 December 1906 at 39 Melville Street, Edinburgh, the son of General Sir Francis John Davies (1864–1948) and his wife, Madalen Augusta Lavinia Scott. The family home was Elmley Castle, near Pershore, Worcestershire...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Barry M. Gough

Dixon, George (1748?–1795), naval officer and fur trader, was born in Kirkoswald, Cumberland; further details of his upbringing are unknown, though he did practise as a jeweller before going to sea. He served as a petty officer and armourer in the Discovery...

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Fenner, George (c. 1540–1618), merchant and privateer, is of unknown parentage. However, the name Fenner was common in west Sussex, and the family into which he was born has been described variously as a mercantile clan in Chichester itself, or as a minor but armigerous gentry family based at ...

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Fenwick [Fenwicke], John (b. in or after 1593, d. c. 1670), merchant and parliamentarian army officer, was a younger son of Roger Fenwick (c.1566–1618), gentleman, of Bitchfield, in the parish of Stamfordham, Northumberland, and his wife, Mabel. His approximate date of birth is derived from that of his elder brother, who was born in 1592 or 1593. ...

Article

Edwin Cannan

revised by Anita McConnell

Flakefield, William (fl. c. 1670–1700), soldier and linen weaver, was, according to Ure, son of one Wilson of Flakefield, in the parish of East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, who became a merchant in Glasgow about 1650, and was called Flakefield in order to distinguish him from another merchant named ...

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Forbes, James [Jacob] (1580–1656), merchant and army officer in the Swedish service, was the eldest son of Henry Forbes (d. 1605), a soldier, of Thainstone and Margaret Forbes, eldest daughter of William Forbes of Corse and Susanna Stauchan. James was born in ...