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Acworth, George (1534–1581x6), administrator and scholar, was born in London in 1534, the son of Thomas Acworth, a merchant taylor of London, and his wife, Anne. Thomas came from Bedfordshire, where his father, also named George, had been elected knight of the shire for that county in 1529. During his youth ...

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Ælfric of Eynsham [Ælfric Grammaticus, Ælfric the Homilist] (c. 950–c. 1010), Benedictine abbot of Eynsham and scholar, is of unknown origins, though his language suggests he came from Wessex. He was educated under Æthelwold in the monastic school at Winchester, and after becoming a monk and priest was sent about 987 to the abbey of ...

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Ailerán [Aileranus Sapiens] (d. 665), scholar, usually called ‘the Wise’ (Aileranus Sapiens), was a teacher in the monastery of Clonard, Meath, and wrote at least two works to assist students in interpreting the gospels. Apart from his being a monk and teacher in ...

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 709/10), abbot of Malmesbury, bishop of Sherborne, and scholar, was a prolific Latin author whose idiosyncratic style of composition in the media of prose and verse, both metrical and rhythmical, was profoundly influential both in England and on the continent up to the Norman conquest. His life is moderately well documented: ...

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 70910) drawing The British Library

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Alfonsi, Petrus (fl. 1106–1126), scholar and translator of scientific works, was born in northern Spain, to Jewish parents. He was baptized a Christian on 29 June 1106 in Huesca, Aragon, with the names of the apostle on whose feast day the baptism took place and of his godfather, ...

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Francesco Algarotti, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764) by Jean-Étienne Liotard, c. 1745 Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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Algarotti, Francesco, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764), poet and scholar, was born on 11 December 1712 in the family home in Venice on the Fondamenta Nuove, the second son of Rocco Algarotti (d. 1726) and his wife, Maria Mercati. His father was a prosperous merchant of Paduan origin, settled in ...

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Allen, Edward Heron- (1861–1943), lawyer and scholar, was born in London on 17 December 1861, the fourth child of George Allen (1823–1911), head of the firm of Allen & Son, Solicitors, Soho, London, and his wife, Catherine Herring or Heron (b. 1830)...

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See Select Society

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Ashe, St George (1658–1718), Church of Ireland bishop of Derry and scholar, was born at Castle Strange, co. Roscommon, on 3 March 1658, the second of the three sons of Thomas Ashe, who belonged to a Wiltshire family that had settled in Ireland...

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Raymond Asquith (1878–1916) by Malcolm Arbuthnot, c. 1915 Raymond Asquith

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Asquith, Raymond (1878–1916), scholar and army officer, was born on 6 November 1878 in John Street, Hampstead, the eldest of the five children of Herbert Henry Asquith (1852–1928), later prime minister and first earl of Oxford and Asquith, and his first wife, Helen (...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Babington, Churchill (1821–1889), scholar, was born at Roecliffe, Leicestershire, on 11 March 1821, the only son of Matthew Drake Babington (1788–1851), rector of Thringstone, and his wife, Hannah (d. 1873), daughter of Benjamin Fleetwood Churchill. He was connected with the Macaulay family, and slightly, on his mother's side, with that of the poet ...

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C. G. Robertson

revised by J. B. Katz

Bain, Francis William (1863–1940), scholar and writer, the third son of Joseph Bain (1826–1911), archivist and antiquary, of Sweethope, Bothwell, Lanarkshire, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of Edward Piper, of Alston, Cumberland, was born at Bothwell on 29 April 1863. He was elected an exhibitioner (1877) and a scholar (1878) on the foundation of ...

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Basingstoke, John of [John Basing] (d. 1252), scholar and ecclesiastic, takes his name from the town of Basingstoke in Hampshire. Two contemporary sources speak of him: the chronicler Matthew Paris, and Robert Grosseteste, bishop of Lincoln (d. 1253). Basingstoke was closely associated with ...

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Bayly, John (1595/6–1633), scholar and Church of England clergyman, was born in Herefordshire, the eldest son of Lewis Bayly (c. 1575–1631), later bishop of Bangor, and of his first wife, probably called Judith Appleton, and brother of Thomas Bayly (d. c. 1657), also later a clergyman. By 1611 he was an undergraduate at ...

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See Baynton family

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Beard, Charles (1827–1888), Unitarian minister, scholar, and journal editor, was born at Higher Broughton, Manchester, on 27 July 1827, the eldest son of John Relly Beard (1800–1876), Unitarian minister at Salford, and his wife, Mary Barnes (1802–1887). Educated at his father's school, he studied at ...

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Bekinsau [Beckinsau], John (1499/1500–1559), scholar, was born at Broad Chalk, Wiltshire, the younger of two sons of John Beckinsau of Hartley Wespell, Hampshire. Whether he belonged to an ancient Lancashire family (Becconsall) or to a native Wiltshire family (from Bekinsettle) is debatable, but they were related to the ...