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Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881) by George Frederic Watts, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881), author, biographer, and historian, was born on 4 December 1795 in the Arched House, Ecclefechan, Annandale, Dumfriesshire. He was the eldest son of James Carlyle (1757–1832), a hard-working stonemason whose father, Thomas (1722–1806), the husband of Mary Gillespie (1727–1797), had been a carpenter and tenant farmer; beyond that, the ...

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Cassan, Stephen Hyde (1789–1841), ecclesiastical biographer, son of Stephen Cassan, barrister, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Captain Charles Mears, was born at Calcutta, where his father was sheriff. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, from May 1811 and took his BA degree on 14 January 1815. He received deacon's orders on 26 March 1816, and was ordained priest in 1817. While curate of ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Coote, Charles (bap. 1760, d. 1835), historian and biographer, was the son of John Coote (bap. 1733, d. 1808), a bookseller of Paternoster Row, London, and the author of several dramatic pieces, who died in 1808; his mother was Jane, née Weaver (...

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Cremer, Robert Wyndham Ketton- (1906–1969), biographer and county historian, was the elder son of a Norfolk squire, Wyndham Ketton-Cremer (1870–1933) of Beeston, and his wife, Emily (1882–1952), daughter of Robert Bayly, timber merchant. Born on 2 May 1906, at his mother's family home in ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Crichton, Andrew (1790–1855), biographer and historian, youngest son of a small landed proprietor, was born in the parish of Kirkmahoe, Dumfriesshire, in December 1790. He was educated at Dumfries Academy and at the University of Edinburgh. After becoming a licensed preacher he taught for a time in ...

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Deutscher, Isaac (1907–1967), biographer and historian, was born in Chrzanow, near Cracow, Galicia, in Austro-Hungarian Poland on 3 April 1907, the eldest among the three children of Jacob Kopel Deutscher, who owned his own printing business, and his second wife, Gustawa, née Jolles...

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Gillow, Joseph (1850–1921), biographical lexicographer and genealogist, was born on 5 October 1850 at Frenchwood House, Preston, Lancashire, the son of Joseph Gillow (1801–1872), a magistrate, and his wife, Jane Haydock, née Smith (1805–1872), of Lea. The Gillows were a long-established Roman Catholic yeoman family who could trace an unbroken pedigree back to ...

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Howie, John (1735–1793), historian and biographer, was born on 14 November 1735 at Lochgoin in the parish of Fenwick, Ayrshire, the son of John Howie, a farmer. The family traced its origins to three French Albigensian brothers named Huet, who fled to Scotland...

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Hunt, William (1842–1931), historian and biographer, was born on 3 March 1842 at Hotwells, Clifton, Bristol, the elder son of the Revd William Hunt (d. 1889), then curate of Holy Trinity, Hotwells, and subsequently vicar of Holy Trinity, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, and his wife, ...

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Isaacson, Henry (bap. 1581, d. 1654), chronologist and biographer, was baptized on 12 December 1581 at St Katharine Coleman, London, the eldest son of Richard Isaacson (d. 1620/21), painter–stainer, and his first wife, Susanna, daughter of Thomas Bryan of London. Of his early education nothing is known. He matriculated pensioner of ...

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Jenkins, Roy Harris, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead (1920–2003), politician and author, was born at Greenlands, Snatchwood Road, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, on 11 November 1920, the only child of Arthur Jenkins (1882–1946), assistant miners' agent, and his wife, Harriet (Hattie), née Harris (1886–1953), music shop assistant and subsequently magistrate and county councillor....

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Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead (1920–2003) by Jane Bown, 1977 © Jane Bown; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edmund Lodge (1756–1839) by Lemuel Francis Abbott, c. 1790–95 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lodge, Edmund (1756–1839), herald and biographer, was born on 13 June 1756, in Poland Street, London, the only surviving son of the Revd Edmund Lodge (c.1729–1781), rector of Carshalton in Surrey, and his wife, Mary Garrard, the daughter and sole heir of ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

McCormick, Charles (c. 1755–1807), historian and biographer, was born in Ireland, the son of Charles McCormick of Rathkeal, near Limerick. He was educated at the Middle Temple, London, and on 18 July 1783 matriculated at St Mary Hall, Oxford, graduating BCL on 18 June 1794. Thereafter he abandoned law for literature. His principal published works are ...

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Benjamin John Pimlott (1945–2004) by Jean Seaton by kind permission of Jean Seaton

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Pimlott, Benjamin John [Ben] (1945–2004), historian and political commentator, was born at the Nelson Hospital, Merton, south London, on 4 July 1945, the second of three children and only son of John Alfred Ralph Pimlott (1909–1969), civil servant, and his wife, Ellen Dench, ...

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G. J. Turner

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Rigg, James McMullen (1855–1926), biographer and historian, the son of James Harrison Rigg (1821–1909), principal of the Wesleyan college, Westminster, and his wife, Caroline (d. 1889), daughter of John Smith, alderman of Worcester, was born at Brentford on 28 September 1855. He was educated at the ...

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G. H. Martin and Anita McConnell

Strype, John (1643–1737), historian and biographer, the youngest son of John Strype or Jan van Strijp (d. 1648) and his wife, Hester (d. 1665), daughter of Daniel Bonnel, was born in November 1643 at his father's house in Strype's Yard (now ...