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Ames, Jeremiah (1706–1776), banker and merchant, was born on 20 July 1706 at Evercreech, near Shepton Mallet, Somerset, one of eight children of Levi Ames (d. 1726), grocer, and his first wife, Hannah (d. 1711), daughter of John Watts of Doulting, Somerset...

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See Ames, Jeremiah

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Banks, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1627, d. 1699), merchant and financier, was baptized at the parish church of All Saints, Maidstone, Kent, on 19 August 1627. He was the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Caleb Banks of ...

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Alexander Baring, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1810 ING Bank, NV, London Branch

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Baring, Alexander, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848), merchant and banker, was born on 27 October 1773 (the frequently cited date of 1784 is incorrect) in Mincing Lane, London, the second child of the six sons and six daughters of Sir Francis Baring (1740–1810), merchant and banker, and his wife, ...

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Sir Francis Baring, first baronet (1740–1810) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1806–7 [left, with his brother John Baring (centre) and son-in-law Charles Wall (right)] private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Baring, Sir Francis, first baronet (1740–1810), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Larkbear, Exeter, on 18 April 1740, third of the four surviving sons and one daughter of John Baring (1697–1748) and his wife, Elizabeth Baring (1702–1766), daughter of John Vowler, a prosperous ...

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Joshua Bates (1788–1864) by unknown artist ING Bank, NV, London Branch

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Bates, Joshua (1788–1864), merchant and banker, was born on 10 October 1788 at Weymouth, Massachusetts, United States, the youngest of three children and only son of Colonel Joshua Bates (d. 1804), a leading local businessman, and his wife, Tirzah, née Pratt. He was educated at public schools and by the ...

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Blunt, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1665, d. 1733), financier and a founder of the South Sea Company, son of Thomas Blunt, a Baptist shoemaker of Rochester, Kent, and Isabella, daughter of Thomas Blacke, yeoman, was baptized at St Nicholas's Church, Rochester, on 24 July 1665. He became free of the ...

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Brown, Alexander (1764–1834), merchant and banker, was born on 17 November 1764 in Ballymena, co. Antrim, the son of William Brown (b. 1715) and Margaret Davison. There may have been as many as thirteen children in the family, but only four—three sons, of whom ...

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C. T. Martin

revised by Basil Morgan

Buonvisi, Antonio [Anthony] (1487–1558), merchant and banker, was born in Lucca, Italy, on 26 December 1487, the younger son of Benedetto Buonvisi (d. 1516) and Filippa Cenami. He belonged to an ancient family which was descended from a councillor of the emperor ...

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Carr, Ralph (1711–1806), merchant and banker, was born on 22 September 1711, the eldest son of John Carr (1667–1739), of Whickham and Newcastle upon Tyne, and his wife, Sarah (1679–1733), daughter of William Wynne of Newcastle. Carr was apprenticed to a Newcastle merchant at the age of seventeen, serving out the last year of his time with one of his master's correspondents in ...

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Thomas Sivewright Catto, first Baron Catto (1879–1959) by Walter Stoneman, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Catto, Thomas Sivewright, first Baron Catto (1879–1959), merchant and banker, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 15 March 1879, the fifth son and seventh child of William Catto (1835–1885), shipwright, of Peterhead, and his wife, Isabella, daughter of William Yule, sea captain. His father had moved to ...

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Chiriton, Walter (fl. 1340–1358), merchant and financier, was probably a member of a family of small landowners in Warwickshire, bearing a name derived from Cherrington in that county—he held a life interest in the manor of Weston by Cherrington for a while in the 1340s. He attained national prominence, however, as a wool merchant involved in international trade. In 1340 he is recorded as a merchant who had bought substantial quantities of the king's wool (that is, wool which had come into the king's possession as a result of parliamentary grant), and who was exporting it to ...

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Collet, Sir Mark Wilks, first baronet (1816–1905), merchant and banker, was born at Highbury Grove, Highbury, Middlesex, the second of three sons of James Collet, a native of the Isle of Man, and his wife, Wendelina Elizabeth van Brienen, of Dutch origin. His father died when ...

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Courten, Sir William (c. 1568–1636), merchant and financier, was born in London, the son of William Courten, a merchant, and his wife, Margaret Casiere. His parents were religious refugees who fled from Leye in Flanders during 1568. His father set up a textile business in ...

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Coutts, John (1699–1750), merchant and banker, was born on 28 July 1699, probably in Edinburgh, the son of Patrick Coutts of Edinburgh and his wife, Jean, née Dunlop. His father's family had long been settled in Montrose, where his grandfather John was provost in 1677. His mother came from the ...

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Cradock, Matthew (c. 1590–1641), merchant and colonial investor, was the second son of Matthew Cradock, rector of Hasguard, Pembrokeshire, and his wife, Dorothy Greenway, of Berkshire. The Cradocks were a prominent Staffordshire family and had made their fortune in the wool trade, while ...