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Eveske, Elias l' (d. in or after 1259), financier and leader of the Jewish community in England, was the eldest of the several sons of Benedict l'Eveske of London. Born before 1200, he became a prominent figure during the 1220s, and by the 1230s was firmly established as one of the leading members of the ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, first baronet (1778–1859) by unknown artist Collection University College London; © reserved in the photograph

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Jones, Benjamin (1847–1942), co-operative movement activist and manager, was born on 9 September 1847 in Salford, Lancashire, the son of Reuben Jones, a dyer's labourer, and Mary, née Brazier, who worked as a power-loom weaver. Jones entered employment at the age of nine, working as an errand-boy and bookkeeper before joining the ...

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Marcroft, William (1822–1894), co-operative movement activist and company promoter, was born on 15 July 1822 at Box Cottage, Fog Lane, Middleton, Lancashire, the illegitimate son of Sally Marcroft (1801–1841), a farm servant, and Richard Howarth, a weaver. Shortly after his birth he and his mother moved to ...

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Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784–1885) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...