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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Sir Otto John Beit, first baronet (1865–1930) by H. Walter Barnett © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bendhem, Thomas [Tom] (1928–2002), businessman and art patron, was born on 13 September 1928 in Berlin, the third child and second son of Heinrich (later Henry) Bendhem (1892–1965), owner of coal and wine businesses, and his wife, Elise Charlotte, née Frank (1898–1987). At the age of five, ...

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Benson, Robert Henry [Robin] (1850–1929), merchant banker and art collector, was born on 24 September 1850 at Fairfield House, Fairfield, near Manchester, the eldest of three children of Robert Benson (1814–1875), merchant banker, and his wife, Eleanor (1824–1883), daughter of Vice-Admiral Constantine Moorsom...

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Bicknell, Elhanan (1788–1861), art patron and businessman, was born on 21 December 1788, at 8 Blackman Street, Southwark, London, the second son of William Bicknell (1749–1825) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Randall (1756–1821), of Sevenoaks, Kent. William was a friend of John Wesley...

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David, Sir Percival Victor David Ezekiel, second baronet (1892–1964), financier and collector of Chinese art, was born in Bombay on 21 July 1892, the fifth and youngest child in the family of three sons (the elder two of whom died at the age of two) and two daughters of ...

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Davis, Sir Edmund Gabriel (1861–1939), mining financier and art collector, was born on 3 August 1861 at Tintern, Gardiner's Creek Road, Toorak, Melbourne, Australia, the second of the four children of Samuel Davis, merchant, and his wife, Josephine, daughter of Jacob Bensusan. He had two brothers and one sister. At the age of eight ...

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Alsager Vian

revised by Holger Hoock

Esdaile, William (1758–1837), banker and print collector, was born, presumably in London, on 6 February 1758, the fourth son of Sir James Esdaile (1713×15–1793) of Great Gains, Essex, banker, cartouche maker to the army, and one-time lord mayor of London, and his second wife, ...

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Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

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William Gibbs (1790–1875) by unknown photographer, 1862–3 © reserved

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Gilbert, Sir Arthur (1913–2001), businessman and art collector, was born Abraham Bernstein at 6 St Mark's Terrace, Dalston, London, on 16 May 1913, the eighth child of Lazarus Bernstein and his wife, Bela (Betsy), née Feldman, Polish Jewish immigrants who had settled in ...

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Sir Arthur Gilbert (1913–2001) by unknown photographer Gilbert Collection, Somerset House

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Harari, Ralph Andrew (1893–1969), merchant banker and art scholar and collector, was born on 28 October 1893 in Cairo, the third child and elder son of Sir Victor Harari Pasha, civil servant, financier, and leading member of Egypt's Anglo-Jewish community, and his wife, ...

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Henry Hoare (1705–1785) by William Hoare Stourhead, The Hoare Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Hoare, Henry (1705–1785), banker and patron of art, was born on 7 July 1705, the eldest son of Henry Hoare (1677–1725), banker, and his wife, Jane (d. 1741), daughter of Sir William Benson of Bromley. His grandfather, Sir Richard Hoare (1648–1719), was the founder of ...

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Jenkins, Thomas (1722–1798), art dealer, painter, and banker, was probably born in December 1722 in Sidbury, Devon, one of the two sons of William Jenkins. His brother, William, later became vicar of Sidbury and rector of Upottery. Possibly they were the William and ...

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Manton, Sir Edwin Alfred Grenville (1909–2005), insurance underwriter, art collector, and philanthropist, was born on 22 January 1909 at Burrows Road, Earls Colne, Essex, the eldest of three children of John Horace Manton, bank clerk, later bank manager, and his wife, Emily Clara, ...

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Margulies, Alexander (1902–1991), businessman and patron of the arts, was born in Skalat, Galicia, on 1 July 1902, the son of Marcus Mordecai Margulies (1862–1921) and his wife, Fanny, née Feige (1865–1943). The Margulies were descendants of Rabbi Ephraim Zalman Margulies (1760–1828), who was celebrated for his scholarship and wealth. When the First World War broke out the family took up residence in ...

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Plint, Thomas Edward (1823–1861), stockbroker and art collector, was born in Leeds, the son of Thomas Plint, woollen merchant and radical reformer. His father was co-founder, with Samuel Smiles, J. G. Marshall, and Homer Stansfield, of the Leeds Parliamentary Reform Association, which advocated household suffrage. A Liberal, like his father, ...

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Sainsbury, Sir Robert James (1906–2000), businessman and patron of the arts, was born on 24 October 1906 at Waverley, 33 Eton Avenue, Hampstead, London, the second son and the youngest of the three children of John Benjamin Sainsbury (1871–1956) [see under Sainsbury family...