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Bond, Martin (1558?–1643), merchant, was the third or fourth son of William Bond (d. 1576), an alderman of London and merchant adventurer, who was sheriff in 1567. It is unclear whether he was the Martin Bond who, in 1572, was admitted to ...

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Dillon, Peter (1788–1847), adventurer in the south seas, was born on 15 June 1788 on Martinique, the son of an Irishman, Peter Dillon, probably a soldier stationed on the island. About 1806 Dillon appears to have sailed for Calcutta and he later traded sandalwood between the ...

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by S. Searight

Elton, John (d. 1751), merchant and adventurer, is of unknown origins. He arrived in Russia in 1732 to present to the Russian government a memorandum for finding a northern sea passage to Japan. In 1735 the Russian government sent him with an official expedition, with ...

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Gage, Joseph Edward (c. 1687–1766), adventurer, the younger son of Joseph Gage (1652–1700) and his wife, Elizabeth Penruddock (d. 1693), was born about 1687. His father, the third son of Sir Thomas Gage, of Firle, Sussex, inherited Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire, about 1682 on the death of his aunt ...

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Gresham, Sir Richard (c. 1485–1549), mercer, merchant adventurer, and mayor of London, was born at Holt, Norfolk, about 1485, probably the third of the four surviving sons—William, Thomas, Richard, and Gresham, Sir John (c. 1495–1556)—of John Gresham and his wife, ...

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Sir Thomas Gresham (c. 1518–1579) by unknown artist, 1544 by courtesy of the Mercers' Company

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Gresham, Sir Thomas (c. 1518–1579), mercer, merchant adventurer, and founder of the Royal Exchange and Gresham College, the second of the two sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Gresham (c. 1485–1549) and his first wife, Audrey (d. 1522), the daughter of ...

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Holditch, Abraham (bap. 1639, d. 1678), naval officer and merchant adventurer, was baptized on 12 May 1639 at Totnes, Devon. He was probably the son of William Holditch (d. 1646?) and his wife, Agnes (bap. 1617), formerly Jakes. He married at ...

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Lok, Michael (c. 1532–1620x22), mercer, merchant adventurer, and traveller, was born in Cheapside, London, the youngest of five surviving sons of Sir William Lok (1480–1550) and his second wife, Catherine, née Cooke (d. 1537), and the brother of Rose Throckmorton. By his own account ...

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Lok, Sir William (1480–1550), mercer and merchant adventurer, was the second son of Thomas Lok and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1461, both of whom were also members of the Mercers' Company. Although formally admitted to the company only in 1507, ...

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Tooley, Henry (d. 1551), merchant adventurer and burgess, about whose early life little is known, is first heard of as a merchant in 1515, but it is likely that he was born in the 1470s, possibly in Catton, near Norwich. The Tooley family marriages suggest a comfortable background, with good ...

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Weston, Thomas (d. 1644x7), merchant and colonial adventurer, played a leading role in supporting and setting out the pilgrims who settled Plymouth plantation in New England during 1620. His earlier trading activities in the Netherlands were halted by the privy council, following complaints from the ...

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Wheeler, John (d. 1617), secretary of the Company of Merchant Adventurers, is of obscure origins. His supposed connection to Great Yarmouth appears to be solely the result of confusion with John Wheeler (fl. 1610), the member of parliament for that town. By 1589 ...