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George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley Raffles (1781–1826) by George Francis Joseph, 1817 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley (1781–1826), colonial governor and founder of Singapore, the eldest and only surviving son of Captain Benjamin Raffles (d. c.1797) and his wife, née Anne Lyde (d. 1824), was born off Port Morant, Jamaica, on 6 July 1781, aboard his father's ship, the West Indiaman ...

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Rich, Sir Nathaniel (c. 1585–1636), colonial investor and politician, was probably born at Leighs in Essex, a son of Richard Rich (d. 1598), landowner, and Jane Machell or Mitchell, daughter of John Machell or Mitchell, clothier and sometime sheriff of London. His father was one of the illegitimate children of the ...

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Sir Nathaniel Rich (c. 1585–1636) by unknown artist private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Shippard, Sir Sidney Godolphin Alexander (1837–1902), colonial official and associate of Cecil Rhodes, was born at Brussels, Belgium, on 29 May 1837. He was the eldest son of Captain William Henry Shippard of the 29th regiment and Elizabeth Lydia, née Peters, and the grandson of ...