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Herbert Austin, Baron Austin (1866–1941) by Walter Stoneman, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin, Herbert, Baron Austin (1866–1941), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 8 November 1866 at Grange Farm, Deep Mill Lane, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, the second of five children of Giles Stevens Austin, a farmer, and his wife, Clara Jane, daughter of ...

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Aveling, Thomas (1824–1882), engineer and manufacturer of steamrollers, was born at Elm, near Wisbech, on 11 September 1824, the eldest of three sons. He came from an old-established Cambridgeshire family, but he moved to Rochester in Kent as a boy, when his widowed mother remarried. About 1836 he was apprenticed to a farmer, ...

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beach, Harold Henry (1913–2010), engineer and car designer, was born on 15 February 1913 at 10 Malvern Villas, Willesden Lane, Acton, London, the only son of Henry Beach, coach builder, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Carter. He was educated privately and later studied engineering at a technical college. In 1928 he embarked on his career in the automotive industry when he became an apprentice draughtsman on a wage of ...

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Dennis, John Henry Cawsey (1871–1939), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 20 February 1871 at Huntshaw, near Torrington, Devon, the third son of William Henry Dennis, farmer, and his wife, Susanna, née Cawsey. After education at Taunton College, he followed his early interest in machinery and became apprenticed to a repairing ironmonger in ...

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Kieft, Cyril William (1911–2004), industrialist and motor engineer, was born at 8 Park Road, Gorseinon, Llandeilo Tal-y-bont, Swansea, on 27 September 1911, the son of Albert William Kieft, steel works manager, and his wife, Lilian Maud, née Evans. He was educated at Wellington School, Somerset...

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Martin, Percy (1871–1958), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born in Columbus, Ohio, USA, on 19 June 1871. He graduated as a mechanical engineer (in electrical engineering) at Ohio State University, Columbus, in 1892. His involvement in the British motor industry, which occupied the greater part of his working life, began with a chance meeting in ...

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Moulton, Alexander Eric [Alex] (1920–2012), engineer and inventor, was born on 9 April 1920 at Rother Place, Stratford upon Avon, the younger son and youngest of three children of Major John Coney Moulton (1886–1926), naturalist and colonial civil servant, and his wife, Beryl Latimer, ...

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Royce, Sir (Frederick) Henry, baronet (1863–1933), engineer and motor car designer, was born on 27 March 1863 at Alwalton, near Peterborough, youngest of the two boys and three girls of James Royce (1830–1872), flour miller, and his wife, Mary (d. 1904), third daughter of ...

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Sir (Frederick) Henry Royce, baronet (1863–1933) by Peter North Royal Aeronautical Society Library