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Conder, Peter John (1919–1993), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 20 March 1919 at 81 Thornton Avenue, Streatham, London, the son of John Reynolds Conder, a shipbroker, and his wife Edna Frances, née Benson. Conder's interest in birds began with egg collecting, an activity he later opposed. He was educated at ...

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Eassie, William (1832–1888), sanitary engineer and pioneer of cremation, was born at Lochee, near Dundee, on 8 September 1832, the first of two sons of William Eassie (1805–1861), a carpenter and wheelwright, and his wife, Jean Boyd, whom he married in 1831. William Eassie senior...

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Gerrard, Edward (1810–1910), taxidermist, was born in Oxford on 20 October 1810, the son of Edward Gerrard, greengrocer. After moving to London with his parents he was employed by the Zoological Society of London from 1836 as assistant to George Robert Waterhouse, curator of the society's museum. His work with the museum's collections of vertebrata was the basis of his zoological knowledge. He married, on 28 September 1837, ...

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Gunn, Thomas Edward (1844–1923), taxidermist, was born at Trafalgar Street, Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk, on 5 November 1844, the son of Robert Gunn, coachbuilder, and his wife, Charlotte, née Hipper. After attending the Norwich Blue Coat School he was apprenticed aged fourteen to John Sayer...

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See Hubback, Arthur Benison

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Moore, (Sir) Norman Winfrid, third baronet (1923–2015), conservationist, entomologist, and ecologist, was born on 24 February 1923 at the North-Eastern Hospital for Children, 29 Lower Seymour Street, London, the oldest of four children of Sir Alan Hilary Moore, second baronet (1882–1959), surgeon and medical officer of health, and his wife, ...

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John Muir (1838–1914) by Orlando Rouland National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Muir, John (1838–1914), naturalist and conservationist, was born in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland, on 21 April 1838 to Daniel Muir (1804–1885) and his second wife, Anne Gilrye Muir (1813–1896). John was the third child (of eight) and first son of this deeply religious, poorly educated shopkeeper and grain dealer of longtime Scottish descent. ...

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(Edward) Max Nicholson (1904–2003) by Roy Jones, 1967 Getty Images

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Nicholson, (Edward) Max (1904–2003), ornithologist and environmentalist, was born on 12 July 1904 at Kilternan, co. Dublin, Ireland, the elder son of Edward Prichard Nicholson (1875–1945), photographer, and his wife, Constance Caroline, née Oldmeadow (1875–1945), daughter of the chief clerk and chief superintendent of the ...

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Perring, Franklyn Hugh (1927–2003), botanist and conservationist, was born on 1 August 1927 at 121 Windsor Road, East Ham, Essex, the son of Frank Arthur Perring, antique dealer, and his wife, Avelyn Millicent, née Newsum. He spent his formative years in Woodford Green...

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Poore, (Martin Edward) Duncan (1925–2016), ecologist and conservationist, was born on 25 May 1925 at Springwells, Dunkeld, Perthshire, the only son of Thomas Edward Deverall Poore (1899–1967), gentleman, and his wife, Elizabeth, née McMartin. He was educated at Trinity College, Glenalmond...

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Derek Almey Ratcliffe (1929–2005) by Des Thompson, 1989 © Des Thompson

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Ratcliffe, Derek Almey (1929–2005), ecologist and conservationist, was born on 9 July 1929 at 80 Crouch Hill, Islington, London, the only son of Frank Bernard Ratcliffe, a solo organist and cinema pianist, and his partner, Kathleen Marie Almey, who later taught English and French. His first experiences with nature were on his maternal grandfather's ...

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Rothschild, (Nathaniel) Charles (1877–1923), banker, entomologist, and conservationist, was born on 9 May 1877 at 6 Buckingham Gate, Belgravia, London, the second son and the youngest of three children of Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild, first Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), banker and MP, and his wife, ...

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Rowan, William (1891–1957), zoologist and conservationist, was born at the Schlössli, Schloss Binningen, Basel, Switzerland, on 29 July 1891, the fifth child of Irish railway engineer William Robert Rowan (1841–1900) and his Danish wife, Gerdine Atalia Jacobsen (1851–1939). Field Marshal Sir William Rowan (1789–1879)...

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Waterston, George (1911–1980), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 10 April 1911 in Edinburgh, the oldest of the seven children (four boys and three girls) of Robert Waterston (1878–1969), director of George Waterston & Sons, Edinburgh, stationers and printers (founded by Robert's great-great-grandfather), and his wife, ...