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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Carter, Henry (1874–1951), temperance campaigner and pacifist, was born on 3 November 1874 at 17 Cornwall Street, Plymouth, the son of George Henry Richards Carter, a basket-maker, and his wife, Lavinia Johns Kingdon. His father died when Henry Carter was young, so he was brought up by his mother, a devout Methodist and committed teetotaller. At the age of fourteen ...

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Chunchie, Kamal Athon (1886–1953), Methodist minister and race relations worker, was born on 4 June 1886 in Kandy, Ceylon, the eldest of nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Muslim parents of Malay origin. His father, Athon Chunchie (1849/50–1928), of the Inche Che...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Dymond, Jonathan (1796–1828), Quaker moralist and peace advocate, was born on 19 December 1796 at Bridge House, Bridge Street, Exeter, the fifth child of the five sons and two daughters of John Dymond (1761–1838) and his wife, Olive Hitchcock (1761–1840). His family belonged to the ...

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Ekarte, George Daniel [known as Daniels Ekarte] (1896/7–1964), minister and community worker, was born in west Africa, possibly in the Calabar region of Nigeria. His early years were spent at mission stations run by Free Church of Scotland missionaries. Impressed by what he had heard of the glories of the ‘mother country’, he obtained a seaman's certificate (which named him simply ...

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Greening, Edward Owen (1836–1923), co-operative movement activist and social reformer, was born on 17 August 1836 at Warrington, Lancashire. His father owned a small wire-drawing factory, and the family moved to Manchester in Edward's early years. There he attended the Quaker school in ...

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Grubb, Edward (1854–1939), pacifist and social reformer, was born on 19 October 1854 at Sudbury, Suffolk, the fourth of five children of Jonathan Grubb (1808–1894), banker and Quaker minister, and his second wife, Elizabeth Burlingham (1813–1893). The father was of Irish descent but lived his adult life in ...

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Hartog, Numa Edward (1846–1871), campaigner for Jewish rights, was born at 55 Mansell Street, Whitechapel, London, on 20 May 1846, the elder son among the five surviving children of Alphonse Hartog (c.1815–1904), a native of France and professor of French in ...

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Ronald Hubert Kidd (1889–1942) by Howard Coster, 1940 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kidd, Ronald Hubert (1889–1942), founder of the National Council for Civil Liberties, was born at 6 Montpelier Row, Blackheath, London, on 11 July 1889, the son of Leonard Joseph Kidd (1858–1926), surgeon, and his wife, Alice Maud, née Peek (1862–1945). He entered University College, London...

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Rothman, Bernard [Benny] (1911–2002), communist activist and countryside access campaigner, was born on 1 June 1911 at 68 Mary Street, Cheetham, Manchester, the third of five children and the elder son of Isaac Rothman, smallware merchant, and his wife, Freda, née Solomon. His parents, both Jewish, had emigrated from ...

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Sacher, Harry (1881–1971), Zionist and benefactor, was born on 3 September 1881 in London, the sixth son and the ninth child of Jacob Sacher (b. c.1841), a self-employed tailor, and his wife, Esther (b. c.1841), both of whom were Polish-born Jews and naturalized British subjects....

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Maker: Walter Stoneman

Redcliffe Nathan Salaman (1874–1955) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Salaman, Redcliffe Nathan (1874–1955), geneticist and Jewish activist, was born Nathan Redcliffe Salaman, at 100 Redcliffe Gardens, Kensington, London, on 12 September 1874, the ninth of the fifteen children of Myer Salaman (1835/6–1896), a wealthy ostrich feather merchant, and his wife, Sarah Soloman (1844–1931)...

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Skeffington, Francis Sheehy- (1878–1916), women's rights activist and pacifist, was born on 23 December 1878 in Bailieborough, co. Cavan, and christened Francis Joseph Christopher Skeffington, the only child of Joseph Bartholomew (J. B.) Skeffington (1847–1919), scholar and teacher, and his wife, Rose Magorian (1829–1909)...