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Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Greenwood, Sir Granville George (1850–1928), politician and animal welfare reformer, was born in London on 3 January 1850, the second son of John Greenwood QC (1800–1871) of the western circuit (solicitor to the Treasury, 1866–71) and his wife, Fanny H. Welch, daughter of ...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Jones [later Leif-Jones], Leifchild Stratten, Baron Rhayader (1862–1939), temperance advocate and politician, was born at 44 Albert Street, Regent's Park, London, on 16 January 1862. The fourth son of Thomas Jones (known as Jones Treforris) of Morriston, Glamorgan (1819–1882), a Congregational minister who served as president of the Congregational unions in ...

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McGregor, Oliver Ross, Baron McGregor of Durris (1921–1997), social scientist and public servant, was born at Durris, Kincardineshire, on 25 August 1921, the only child of William McGregor, farmer, and his wife, Anne Olivia, née Ross. He was educated at Worksop College, Aberdeen University...

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Maker: Sir William Rothenstein

Henry Woodd Nevinson (1856–1941) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1924 © Estate of Sir William Rothenstein / National Portrait Gallery, London

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H. N. Brailsford

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Nevinson, Henry Woodd (1856–1941), social activist and journalist, was born at 5 South Fields Place, Leicester, on 11 October 1856, the second son of George Nevinson, a solicitor, and his wife, Maria Jane, née Woodd, who raised him in a strictly evangelical atmosphere. In 1872 he won a scholarship at ...

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Saull [Saul], William Devonshire (1783–1855), radical philanthropist and geological collector, was born on 21 April 1783 at Byfield, Northamptonshire, the son of William Saul and Elizabeth Devonshire. Nothing is known of Saull's early years, except that he married nineteen-year-old Elizabeth Weedon (1789–1860) at ...

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Maker: Augustus John

George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950) by Augustus John, 1915 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), playwright and polemicist, was born on 26 July 1856 at 3 Upper Synge Street (later 33 Synge Street), Dublin. He was the third and youngest child, and only son, of George Carr Shaw (1815–1885), a pensioned law-court clerk and failing corn merchant, and ...

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Skeffington, Francis Sheehy- (1878–1916), women's rights activist and pacifist, was born on 23 December 1878 in Bailieborough, co. Cavan, and christened Francis Joseph Christopher Skeffington, the only child of Joseph Bartholomew (J. B.) Skeffington (1847–1919), scholar and teacher, and his wife, Rose Magorian (1829–1909)...

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See Weaver, Gertrude Baillie- [née Gertrude Renton; pseud. Gertrude Colmore]

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See Webb [née Potter], (Martha) Beatrice