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Cuninghame [Cunningham], James (fl. 1698–1709), trader and naturalist, was probably born in Scotland. He trained as a surgeon, and in London became familiar with the botanists Samuel Doody, Charles Dubois, and Robert Uvedale. In 1698 he sailed to China as a surgeon in the ...

Article

Dent, Peter (1628/9–1689), apothecary and naturalist, the son of Peter Dent of Cambridge, was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1649/50. He acquired properties in the parish of St Sepulchre, Cambridge, soon after 1650 and was in practice there by 1657. These properties, which he improved during his tenure, included a small leasehold shop at ...

Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Dillwyn, Lewis Weston (1778–1855), naturalist and porcelain manufacturer, was born on 21 August 1778 at St Thomas's Square, Hackney, the son of William Dillwyn (1743?–1824), merchant, of Higham Lodge, Walthamstow, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Lewis Weston of Highall, Essex. He was descended from a Welsh Quaker family who had emigrated to ...

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Edward, Thomas (1814–1886), naturalist and shoemaker, was born on 25 December 1814 at Gosport, Hampshire, one of several children of John Edward, Fife militiaman and weaver, and Margaret Mitchell of Aberdeen. His early years were spent at Kettle, Fife, and at Aberdeen. From childhood he was passionately fond of animals, bringing home so many ‘beasties’ that he was frequently flogged and confined to the house. Utterly unmanageable, by the age of six he had been expelled from three schools because of his zoological pursuits and truancy. Abandoning school, he found employment at ...

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Thomas Edward (1814–1886) by Sir George Reid Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Richard Garnett

revised by Giles Hudson

Garnett, Thomas (1799–1878), textile manufacturer and naturalist, was the son of William Garnett, paper manufacturer, and Mary, née Rhodes, and the younger brother of Richard Garnett (1789–1850) and Jeremiah Garnett (1793–1870). The ninth of eleven children, he was born at Otley, Yorkshire, on 18 January 1799. In his early days he supported himself by weaving pieces on his own account, but about 1820 he obtained employment in the cotton-spinning establishment of ...

Article

Gibson, Samuel (1793–1849), smith and naturalist, was born at Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire. His father was a whitesmith and Methodist preacher at Butt Green chapel. Gibson attended Sunday school briefly before beginning to work as his father's apprentice. He soon became a skilled whitesmith and mechanic, and in 1814 was employed by a maker of spindles and flies in nearby ...

Article

Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Peter Duncan Malloch (1852–1921) by unknown photographer © Perth Museum and Art Gallery, Perth and Kinross council; licensor SCRAN

Article

Malloch, Peter Duncan (1852–1921), fishing tackle maker and naturalist, was born in Almondbank in Methven parish, Perthshire, on 15 July 1852, the second son in the family of at least four sons and one daughter of Joseph Malloch (1820–1890), a beetler (bleach worker) in the bleachfields serving the linen industry for which ...