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Prince Alfred, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900) by Abel Lewis, c. 1875–80 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. An extroverted child, his capacity for learning delighted his parents. They feared that the comparative academic weakness of his elder brother ...

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Cambridge, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George, earl of Athlone [formerly Prince Alexander of Teck] (1874–1957), army officer and governor-general of South Africa, was born at Kensington Palace on 14 April 1874, the third son of Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth (1833–1897)...

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Charles Edward, Prince, second duke of Albany (1884–1954), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was born at Claremont House, Esher, on 19 July 1884, the posthumous son of Prince Leopold, duke of Albany (1853–1884), Queen Victoria's youngest son, and his wife, Princess Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont...

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Craufurd, Quintin (1743–1819), author and friend of the French royal family, was born on 22 September 1743 at Kilwinning in Ayrshire, the second son of Quintin Craufurd of Newark (d. 1749), justiciary baillie for the west seas of Scotland, and his wife, ...

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H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Edward, prince of Saxe-Weimar (1823–1902), army officer, was the eldest son of Bernard, duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1792–1862), and his wife, Princess Ida (1794–1852), daughter of George, duke of Saxe-Meiningen. His father was the younger son of Charles Augustus, grand duke of Saxe-Weimar. His mother was younger sister of ...

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Ernest Augustus (1771–1851), king of Hanover, fifth son of George III and Queen Charlotte, was born on 5 June 1771 at Buckingham House (later Palace), St James's Park, London. His boyhood was spent at Kew, in a cottage set aside by George III...

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Ernest Augustus (1771–1851) by George Dawe, c. 1828 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Prince Frederick, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827) by Sir David Wilkie, 1822–3 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Frederick, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827), army officer and bishop of Osnabrück, was the second son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He was born at St James's Palace, London, on 16 August 1763, and on 27 February 1764 was elected to the bishopric of ...

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George I (1660–1727), king of Great Britain and Ireland and elector of Hanover, was born Georg Ludwig (George Lewis) at Hanover on 28 May 1660, the first of the seven children who survived of the marriage in 1658 of Ernst August (1629–1698) of ...

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George II (1683–1760), king of Great Britain and Ireland, and elector of Hanover, son of Georg Ludwig, prince of Hanover (electoral prince 1692, elector 1698, king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714) [see George I (1660–1727)], and Sophia Dorothea (1666–1726)...

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George III (1738–1820), king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and king of Hanover, was the second child and eldest son of Frederick Lewis, prince of Wales (1707–1751), and his wife, Augusta (1719–1772) of Saxe-Gotha. He was the first prince of Wales...

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George IV (1762–1830), king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and king of Hanover, was born at St James's Palace, London, on 12 August 1762. The eldest son of the fifteen children of George III (1738–1820) and Queen Charlotte (1744–1818)...

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George IV (1762–1830) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1822 reproduced by permission of the Trustees of the Wallace Collection, London

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George II (1683–1760) by Thomas Hudson, 1744 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Beatrice, Princess [married name Princess Henry of Battenberg]

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Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682), royalist army and naval officer, was born on 18 December 1619 ns, the son of Frederick V (1596–1632), elector palatine of the Rhine, and his wife, Elizabeth (1596–1662), the daughter of ...

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Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1665–6 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Victor, prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg [known as Count Gleichen] (1833–1891), naval officer and sculptor, was the third and youngest son of Prince Ernst of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his wife, Princess Feodore, the only daughter of Emich Charles, reigning prince of Leiningen, and his wife, ...