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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...

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Barnardiston, Sir Nathaniel (1588–1653), politician and ecclesiastical patron, was born at Kedington, Suffolk, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Barnardiston (d. 1610), and his first wife, Mary (d. in or before 1599), daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire. One of the oldest families in ...

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Canynges, William (1402–1474), merchant and ecclesiastical benefactor, was one of the younger of seven children of John Canynges, clothier and merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Joan Wotton. He was born into a notably successful Bristol family. William Canynges (d. 1396) was a wealthy clothier who was five times mayor of ...

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J. H. Round

revised by C. Warren Hollister

Clare, Walter de (d. 1137/8?), baron and founder of Tintern Abbey, was known to contemporaries as Walter fitz Richard. He was a non-inheriting younger son of Richard de Clare (1030x35–1087x90), lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy and Domesday lord of Clare and ...

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Haldane, Robert (1764–1842), theological writer and evangelical patron, was born on 28 February 1764 in Queen Anne Street, Cavendish Square, London, elder son of Captain James Haldane (1728–1768), heir to Airthrey estate, Stirlingshire, and Katherine Duncan (d. 1774) of Lundie near Dundee...

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Heylyn, Rowland (1562–1632), ironmonger and church benefactor, was born in Shrewsbury, the son of David Heylyn, who was of Welsh ancestry, and his wife, Alice. After attending the free school there from 1571 he went to London, where in 1576 he became an apprentice ironmonger. He was admitted to the company in 1584 and subsequently served twice as its master, in 1614 and 1625. Elected an alderman from ...

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Hussey, (John) Walter Atherton (1909–1985), dean of Chichester and patron of the arts, was born at St Matthew's Parade, Northampton, on 15 May 1909, son of Canon John Rowden Hussey (1864–1949), vicar of St Matthew's, Northampton, and his wife, Lilian Mary Atherton (...

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Charles Jennens (1700/0101–1773) by Thomas Hudson, 1747 private collection

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Jennens, Charles (1700/01–1773), patron of the arts and librettist, was born probably at Gopsall Hall, Leicestershire, the son of Charles Jennens (bap. 1662, d. 1747), gentleman and JP, son of the Birmingham ironmaster Humphrey Jennens, and his second wife, Elizabeth Burdett (1667–1707/8)...

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Jermyn, Sir Robert (1538/9–1614), gentleman and patron of puritans, was the third but eldest surviving son of Sir Ambrose Jermyn (c.1510–1577) and Anne (d. 1568), daughter and coheir of George Heveningham. His early years are obscure. He may have matriculated at ...

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Kentigern [St Kentigern, Mungo] (d. 612x14), patron of the diocese (later archdiocese) of Glasgow, was allegedly the son of St Thaney, a British princess from Lothian, and a British prince called Owain. The possibility that this parentage is largely, if not completely, fictional must be taken seriously, however. All that can be said with any confidence about ...

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Sir Richard Knightley (1533–1615) by unknown artist, 1567 The Trustees of the Firle Settlement. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Knightley, Sir Richard (1533–1615), politician and patron of puritans, was the eldest son of Sir Valentine Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Edward Ferrers of Warwickshire. The family fortunes were based on sheep farming, for which the lands on their estates were enclosed, and on the death of his father in 1566 ...

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Lewkenor, Sir Edward (1542–1605), politician and patron of puritans, was born in Hertfordshire, the eldest son of the ten children of Edward Lewkenor (1517–1556), groom-porter in the household of Edward VI and Mary I, and his wife, Dorothy (c.1525–1589), daughter of ...

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Sir Geoffrey Luttrell (1276–1345) drawing [with his wife, Agnes Sutton, and his daughter-in-law, Beatrice Scrope] The British Library

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Luttrell, Sir Geoffrey (1276–1345), landowner and patron of the Luttrell psalter, lord of Irnham, Lincolnshire, was the son of Sir Robert Luttrell of Irnham (c.1255–1297) and his wife, Joan. Her parentage is unknown; she was still living in June 1320. Luttrell...

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George Fielden MacLeod, Baron MacLeod of Fuinary (1895–1991) by Maurice Ambler, 1955 Getty Images – Maurice Ambler

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MacLeod, George Fielden, Baron MacLeod of Fuinary (1895–1991), Church of Scotland minister and founder of the Iona Community, was born on 17 June 1895 at 4 Park Circus Place, Glasgow, the younger son and youngest of the three children of Sir John Mackintosh MacLeod, ...

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Margulies, Alexander (1902–1991), businessman and patron of the arts, was born in Skalat, Galicia, on 1 July 1902, the son of Marcus Mordecai Margulies (1862–1921) and his wife, Fanny, née Feige (1865–1943). The Margulies were descendants of Rabbi Ephraim Zalman Margulies (1760–1828), who was celebrated for his scholarship and wealth. When the First World War broke out the family took up residence in ...