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Abendana, Jacob (c. 1630–1685), leader of the Sephardi Jewish community in London, was born in Spain and was taken with his brother Isaac Abendana to Hamburg, Germany, as a child. Jacob studied at the Yeshiva de los Pintos at Rotterdam, and at the age of twenty-five he was already a rabbi in ...

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader, was born on 11 May 1856 at 57 Church Lane, Whitechapel, London, the youngest of three children (he had a brother and a sister) of Marks, or Mattos (Mattathias), Bentwitch, a jeweller who had immigrated from ...

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Norman de Mattos Bentwich (1883–1971) by Elliott & Fry, 1950 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert Bentwich (1856–1932) and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Joseph Solomon, leather merchant, and sister of ...

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Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen children of Akiva Brodetsky (1864–1942), a synagogue official, and his wife, Adel Prober (1864–1926)...

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Cohen, Sir Benjamin Louis, first baronet (1844–1909), politician and Jewish communal leader, was born on 18 November 1844 at South Street, Finsbury, London, the eighth of nine surviving children of Louis Cohen (1799–1882), founder of the City firm of Louis Cohen & Sons...

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Cohen, Israel (1879–1961), Zionist and author, was born at 9 Park Street, Red Bank, Cheatham, Manchester, on 24 April 1879, the son of Morris Cohen, tailor, and his wife, Fanny, née Levy. Both his parents were immigrants from Poland. He was educated at ...

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Eveske, Elias l' (d. in or after 1259), financier and leader of the Jewish community in England, was the eldest of the several sons of Benedict l'Eveske of London. Born before 1200, he became a prominent figure during the 1220s, and by the 1230s was firmly established as one of the leading members of the ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Francis Henry, second baronet (1808–1878), lawyer and Jewish communal leader, was born at Spital Square, London, on 1 May 1808, the second son of the financier Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, first baronet (1778–1859), and his wife and cousin, Isabel Goldsmid (1788–1860)...

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Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, first baronet (1778–1859) by unknown artist Collection University College London; © reserved in the photograph

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Greenberg, Leopold Jacob (1861–1931), newspaper editor and Zionist, was born at 26 Frederic Street, Birmingham, on 6 September 1861, the second of three sons (there were also two daughters) of Simeon Greenberg, jewellery manufacturer, and his wife, Matilda Samson. His parents were Orthodox Jews. He was sent to ...

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See Hart, Aaron [Uri Feibusch, Uri ben Rav Hirz Hamburger]

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Kook, Abraham Isaac (1865–1935), rabbi and Zionist, was born on 6 September 1865 in the small town of Greiva in Latvia (then part of tsarist Russia), the son of Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Kook and his wife, Faigah Leah. Born into a strictly Orthodox Jewish family, ...

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Maccoby, Chaim Zundel (1858–1916), Zionist and preacher, was born near the town of Kobrin, Poland, the son of ‘Simche’. Little is known of his parents, except that they were poor, devoutly Orthodox Jews. Maccoby had a thoroughly religious education, studying Talmudic subjects first in ...

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Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784–1885) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London