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Bennett, Sir Thomas Penberthy (1887–1980), architect and public servant, was born on 14 August 1887 at 39 Kensal Road, London, the elder child and only son of Thomas William Bennett (d. 1901), clerk for the London and North Western Railway (LNWR), and his wife, ...

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Benson, William (bap. 1682, d. 1754), politician, architect, and literary critic, was baptized on 17 March 1682 at St Leonard's Church, Bromley by Bow, Middlesex; he was the eldest of fourteen children of William Benson (1640/41–1712), a wealthy iron merchant of Bromley by Bow...

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Bossom, Alfred Charles, Baron Bossom (1881–1965), architect and politician, was born at 17 Caledonian Road, Islington, London, on 16 October 1881, the elder son of Alfred Henry Bossom (1854–1919), a stationer, and Amelia Jane (d. 1920), daughter of Edmund Henry Hammond of ...

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Bruce, Sir William, first baronet (c. 1625–1710), architect and politician, was born into minor Perthshire gentry, the second son of Robert Bruce, Lord Bruce of Blairhall, and Catherine (or Jean), daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. His early life is obscure but if he is identified with the ...

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Clarke, George (1661–1736), politician and architect, was born on 7 May 1661 in the old Pall Mall, London, the only surviving child of Sir William Clarke (1623/4–1666), secretary at war to the Commonwealth and Charles II, and his wife, Dorothy (d. 1695)...

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George Clarke (1661–1736) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1705 [[Left to right] George, prince of Denmark and duke of Cumberland (1653-1708) and ] All Souls College, Oxford

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Thomas Coke, earl of Leicester (1697–1759) by Francesco Trevisani, 1717 © Collection of the Earl of Leicester, Holkham Hall, Norfolk / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...

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Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

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Dowson, Sir Ernest MacLeod (1876–1950), colonial administrator and expert on land registration, was born on 19 November 1876 in India, the only son of Ernest Dowson, superintendent of the Indian government telegraph department. He was educated at the Isle of Wight College and the ...

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Erskine, John, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732), Jacobite army officer, politician, and architect, was born on the lowland family estate at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, and baptized at Alloa parish church on 21 January 1675. He was the first of four surviving children of ...

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John Erskine, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1715 [right, with his son, Thomas Erskine, Lord Erskine] in the collection of the Earl of Mar and Kellie at Alloa Tower; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent, was born on 14 July 1864 at Anomabu, in the British west African colony of the Gold Coast, the surviving twin son of Robert Archibald Ferguson, a commercial agent for A. and F. Swanzy, and his wife, ...

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Forster, Sir (Samuel Alexander) Sadler (1900–1973), regional planner, was born on 9 September 1900 at 6 Southfield Road, Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, the only son of Frederic John Forster, chartered accountant, of Middlesbrough, and his wife, Annie Elizabeth, née Hoskins. Educated at Middlesbrough high school...

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Sir (William) Alfred Gelder (1855–1941) by John Henry Frederick Bacon, 1904 Hull and East Riding Museum / Bridgeman Art Library

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Gelder, Sir (William) Alfred (1855–1941), architect and politician, was born on 12 May 1855 at North Cave, East Riding of Yorkshire, the son of William Gelder (1820–1892), joiner, builder, and timber merchant, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Jackson (1816/17–1895). He was educated at a private school at ...

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Grieve, Sir Robert (1910–1995), town planner and public servant, was born on 11 December 1910 at 61 Springbank Street, Glasgow, the son of Peter Paxton Grieve (1886–1960), soldier, and his wife, Catherine, née Boyle (1886–1950). His greatest influences were his mother ('a caged tigress'...

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Hamilton, Sir James, of Finnart (c. 1495–1540), administrator and architect, was the illegitimate firstborn son of Lord James Hamilton (1475?–1529), subsequently first earl of Arran, and his mistress Marion Boyd of Bonshaw. Granted the lands of Finnart in 1507, he had court connections from an early age, being knighted in 1511. Accepted in 1513 as his father's heir failing legitimate heirs, in 1516 he fought for his father against the ...

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Monck [formerly Middleton], Sir Charles Miles Lambert, sixth baronet (1779–1867), architect, landscape designer, and politician, was born in Golden Square, London, on 7 April 1779, the third but only surviving son of Sir William Middleton, fifth baronet (1738–1795), army officer and politician, of ...

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Sir Roger Newdigate, fifth baronet (1719–1806) by Arthur Devis, c. 1756–8 [in his library at Arbury Hall, Warwickshire] private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London