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Hastings, Thomas (fl. 1803–1837), customs official and artist, whose origins are unknown, had been, according to his own statement of 1813, a captain and assistant quartermaster-general in the army. This position frequently required drawing skills for surveying duties, but Hastings has not been traced in either the British or the ...

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Marsden, Richard (1802/3–1858), weaver and Chartist, was born in humble circumstances in or near Manchester in 1802 or 1803. Nothing is known about his early life, but he was a hand-loom weaver by trade. He left Manchester in search of work during the slump of 1829 and settled with his family in the weaving township of ...

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Mealmaker, George (1768–1808), weaver and radical, was born on 10 February 1768, the son of John Mealmaker, weaver, of the Seagate, Dundee, and Alison Auchinleck. Of Mealmaker's early life and education there is no direct information. Similarly, it is possible only to speculate about the sources of his political radicalism. A description of him from 1793 as 'a common unlettered weaver' reflects more the patronizing assumptions of the writer than reality. ...

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Morrison, James (1789–1857), merchant, politician, and art collector, was born at Middle Wallop, Hampshire, the second son of Joseph Morrison, innkeeper, and his wife, Sarah Barnard, of Shapwick in Somerset. One brother and two sisters reached maturity. Orphaned at the age of fourteen, he pursued an obscure career until his employment as shopman by ...

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Payne, William (1717/18–1782), carpenter and constable, was probably born in London; details of his parents and background are unknown. He is now best remembered for his activities from the late 1750s in policing London streets and as an agitator against the capital's Roman Catholic community, but he worked first as a carpenter. He was apprenticed to a master in ...

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Pilling, Richard (1799–1874), hand-loom weaver and Chartist, was born on 15 December 1799 in Bolton, Lancashire, the son of a cotton weaver. He started work around ten years of age during the boom of the French wars. He was then, he claimed, able to earn ...

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Rushton, Benjamin (1785–1853), hand-loom weaver and radical agitator, was born at Dewsbury in Yorkshire, but later moved to Halifax, where he found employment as a fancy-worsted weaver, residing at Friendly Fold in the village of Ovenden. He married Mary Helliwell (b. 1786)...

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Steer, Bartholomew (bap. 1568, d. 1597?), carpenter and rebel, was baptized on 25 July 1568 at Hampton Poyle, Oxfordshire, the son of John Steer (d. 1616) and his wife, Mary (d. 1579). Little is known of Steer's life before his plotting as ringleader of the abortive ...

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Wallis, William (fl. 1824–1830), silk weaver and radical leader, is a figure about whom little is known except his involvement in radical artisan politics in Spitalfields in London. He was not by origin from Spitalfields but by the mid-1820s was a leading figure in the campaigns and organizations of the silk weavers there....

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See Baird, John