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Benedict of Ramsey [Master Benedict] (d. in or after 1211), ecclesiastic and administrator, was one of King John's royal clerks. He first appears as a clerk in John's household, in the office of seal bearer, c.1189–94. He was among John's supporters whom ...

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Brito, Ranulf [Ranulf le Breton] (d. 1246), administrator and ecclesiastic, first appears in royal records in 1221 as a clerk of Hubert de Burgh. Throughout his career, his fortunes were to remain closely attached to those of his patron. As treasurer of the king's chamber, ...

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Clenock [Clenocke], Maurice [Morys Clynnog] (c. 1525–1580?), Roman Catholic ecclesiastic and administrator, was probably born in Clynnog Fawr, Caernarvonshire. He was educated at Oxford, possibly at Christ Church, proceeding BCL in 1548 after more than twelve years of study, by his own account. He lectured there on civil law for six years. He claimed to have studied law for a further eight years in ...

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Cumin [Comyn], William (d. c. 1160), ecclesiastic and administrator, was notable for his infamous attempt to usurp the bishopric of Durham between 1141 and 1144. His family origins, possibly from Bosc-Bernard-Commin near Rouen, are obscure. There were several families of Norman clerks in ...

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Durie, George (d. 1577), administrator and Roman Catholic ecclesiastic, was the youngest of the three sons of John Durie of that ilk and his wife, Janet Beaton; the Duries and Beatons were landed families in Fife. Nothing is known of Durie's early life but he belonged to the second generation of the ...

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Goffe [Gough], Stephen (1605–1681), Roman Catholic priest and royalist agent, was born at Stanmer, Sussex, the son of Stephen Goffe, the puritan inclined rector of the nearby parish of Bramber, and his wife, Deborah, née West or Weston (1586/7–1626). The future regicide William Goffe (d. 1679?)...

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Gunthorpe, John (d. 1498), dean of Wells and administrator, probably took his name from Gunthorpe in Lincolnshire, where he possessed lands. He was probably a student at Cambridge, where, already in holy orders, he was a master of arts of the university by 1452, and served as junior proctor in 1454–5. However, he only obtained grace for admission to the degree of BTh as late as 1469, taking it by 1472 (...

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Hamilton, William (d. 1307), dean of York and administrator, originated from Hambleton in Brayton parish, near Selby in Yorkshire. Son of Adam Hamilton and his wife, Alice, he may have received his schooling at Selby Abbey, and had become a chancery clerk by 1265. He received judicial commissions which included presiding with ...

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Hawkins, Nicholas (c. 1495–1534), Catholic ecclesiastic and diplomat, was born at Putney, the nephew and godson of Nicholas West, bishop of Ely. He was educated at Eton College, where he was a king's scholar, and was admitted to King's College, Cambridge, in 1514. He graduated BA in 1519 and, apparently, proceeded MA in 1522. There is no record of his receiving a degree in law but he is said to have devoted himself to the study of civil and canon law, and was admitted as an advocate in 1528....

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Haxey, Thomas (d. 1425), ecclesiastic and administrator, probably came from Haxey, Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire. Apparently of humble family, his early career and patrons are obscure; his two earliest benefices, Pulham, Norfolk (1384), and Somersham, Huntingdonshire (1388), were obtained at the presentation of ...

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Kenyon, John (1812–1869), Roman Catholic priest and Young Irelander, was born at Thomondgate, Limerick City, Ireland, one of the three sons and three daughters of Patrick Kenyon, owner of marble works and prosperous grocery stores, and Mary, née McMahon. One of his brothers, ...

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Langton, Simon (d. 1248), ecclesiastic and diplomat, was the youngest son of Henry Langton of Langton by Wragby, Lincolnshire, and brother of Archbishop Stephen Langton, who made him archdeacon of Canterbury. A third brother, Walter, inherited the family estate, but he was childless and on his death in 1234 his lands and debts fell to ...

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Lavelle, Patrick (1825–1886), Roman Catholic priest and Irish nationalist, was born at Mullagh, near Westport, co. Mayo, the eldest of five children of Francis Lavelle, a tenant farmer, and Mary MacManus. He entered St Jarlath's College, Tuam, co. Galway, in 1840, his education being paid for by an uncle, and in 1844 he moved on to ...

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Lisieux, Thomas (d. 1456), administrator and dean of St Paul's, is of unknown origins, though it was stated in a papal dispensation of 1437 that he was of noble birth. An Oxford graduate, he was senior proctor of the university in 1426–7. On 23 October 1430 he was presented to the rectory of ...

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MacFadden, James (1842–1917), Roman Catholic priest and tenant leader, was born near Carrigart, co. Donegal, the fourth of five children. His father, John, was a comfortable Catholic farmer in a region where members of the minority Church of Ireland dominated that class. Related to several influential figures in the Roman Catholic hierarchy, including ...

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Murphy, John (1753–1798), Roman Catholic priest and insurgent leader, was the youngest of four sons and one daughter born to Thomas Murphy and Johanna Whitty of Tincurry, near Ballycarney, co. Wexford. The family were tenant farmers and used their 70 acres of good land to produce grain and cured bacon for the thriving ...

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Murphy, Michael (c. 1767–1798), Roman Catholic priest and Irish nationalist, was born in Ballinoulart in co. Wexford, where he received informal education prior to his ordination in 1785. Legally barred from pursuing further Catholic religious studies in Ireland, he attended the Irish College...

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O'Coigly [O'Coigley], James (1761–1798), Irish nationalist and Roman Catholic priest, was born in August 1761 at Castleraw, Kilmore, co. Armagh, the second son of James Coigley, farmer, and Louisa, née Donnelly. His maternal ancestors, the O'Donnellys of co. Tyrone, were a landed Jacobite family who suffered grievous losses at the battle of the ...

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O'Flanagan, Michael (1876–1942), Roman Catholic priest and politician, was born on 13 August 1876 at Kilkeevan, Cloonfower, near Castlerea, co. Roscommon, the son of Edward Flanagan (fl. 1840–1900), farmer, and his wife, Mary Crawley (1843–1925). He was educated at the diocesan college at ...

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W. J. FitzPatrick

revised by David Huddleston

O'Malley, Thaddeus (1796–1877), Roman Catholic priest and political writer, was born at Garryowen, near Limerick. At the age of twenty-three he completed his training for the Roman Catholic priesthood and obtained a post in America. In 1827 he was suspended by his ecclesiastical superior, the ...