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Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor, was descended from the family of Briançon, holders of the lordship of Aigueblanche (Savoie) in the Tarentaise or valley of the upper Isère, dependants of the counts of Savoy...

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Peter d' Aigueblanche (d. 1268) tomb effigy by permission of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford Cathedral

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Boyle, Michael (1609/10–1702), lord chancellor of Ireland and Church of Ireland archbishop of Armagh, was the eldest son of Richard Boyle (c. 1574–1645), archbishop of Tuam between 1638 and 1645, and his wife, Martha, daughter of Richard or John Wright of Catherine Hill...

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Cromer, George (d. 1543), archbishop of Armagh and lord chancellor of Ireland, is of uncertain background, but it has been plausibly suggested that he was a member of 'a solidly established Kentish family' (Gwynn, 53–4). He was a scholar of Oxford University...

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Forbes, Robert (bap. 1708, d. 1775), Jacobite annalist and Scottish Episcopal bishop of Ross and Caithness, was baptized on 4 May 1708 at Rayne, Aberdeenshire, the second child and only son of Charles Forbes (d. 1715?), schoolmaster, and his wife, Marjory Wright...

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Fox, Edward (1496–1538), diplomat and bishop of Hereford, was born at Dursley, Gloucestershire, one of at least three children of William Fox (of a well-known Shropshire gentry family) and his wife, Joanna. According to one unreliable source he had a brother named Charles...

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Gerard (d. 1108), bishop of Hereford and archbishop of York, was a member of a notable ecclesiastical family, being the nephew of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester (1070–98), and of Simeon, abbot of Ely (1082–94). His parents, Osbert and Anna, and his brother, Peter...

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Goodrich [Goodryck], Thomas (1494–1554), bishop of Ely and lord chancellor, was a younger son of William Goodrich of East Kirkby, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Katherine. He was educated in Lincolnshire and at Jesus College, Cambridge.

At Jesus, Goodrich was an exact contemporary and close friend of his fellow ...

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Inglis, Charles (1734–1816), American loyalist and bishop of Nova Scotia, was born at Glencolumbkille, Donegal, the son of Archibald Inglis (d. 1745), a Church of Ireland clergyman descended from several generations of Anglican ministers. Inglis's hopes of an education at Trinity College, Dublin...

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Jones, Thomas (c. 1550–1619), Church of Ireland archbishop of Dublin and lord chancellor of Ireland, was born in Middleton, Lancashire, the younger son of Henry Jones of Middleton. Lodge's Peerage and Mason's history of St Patrick's Cathedral both state that his father was ...

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Knight, William (1475/6–1547), diplomat and bishop of Bath and Wells, was admitted as a scholar to Winchester College in 1487, aged eleven, the son of a college tenant in London. Little is known of his family. In 1514 he referred to John Newington...

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Lee, Rowland (c. 1487–1543), administrator and bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, was the son of William Lee (d. 1511) of Morpeth, Northumberland, who was in 1509 receiver-general of Berwick-on-Tweed and other royal manors and lordships, and his wife, Isabel, daughter and heir of ...

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Adam Loftus (1533/44–1605) by unknown artist by kind permission of the Board of Trinity College Dublin

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Loftus, Adam (1533/4–1605), Church of Ireland archbishop of Dublin, was born at Swineside in the parish of Coverham, Yorkshire, the second son of Edward Loftus. His father was bailiff to the abbot of Coverham; Robert Loftus (d. 1606), father of Adam Loftus, ...

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Robinson, John (1650–1723), bishop of London and diplomatist, was born in Cleasby in the North Riding of Yorkshire on 7 November 1650, according to his monumental inscription. He was the second surviving son and namesake of John Robinson, a cooper who died the following year, and his wife, ...

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John Robinson (1650–1723) by George Vertue (after Michael Dahl, 1712) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Spottiswoode, John (1565–1639), archbishop of St Andrews and historian, was born in Greenbank, in the barony of Calder, Edinburghshire, the eldest son of John Spottiswoode (1509/10–1585), the widely respected protestant reformer and superintendent of Lothian and Tweeddale, and Beatrix Crichton, the daughter of ...

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John Spottiswoode (1565–1639) by Wenceslaus Hollar, pubd 1655 © National Portrait Gallery, London