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Acherley, Roger (bap. 1662?, d. 1740), political writer and lawyer, was the son of John Acherley of Stanwardine, in the parish of Baschurch, Shropshire; he may have been Roger Atcherley, son of John and Mary Atcherley, who was baptized at Baschurch on 23 December 1662. He entered the ...

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Adams, William George Stewart (1874–1966), political scientist and college head, was born on 8 November 1874 at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of John Adams, headmaster of St John's Grammar School, Hamilton, with Aberdonian farming ancestors, and his wife, ...

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Aldred, Guy Alfred (1886–1963), anarchist and political propagandist, was born on 5 November 1886 at 24 Corporation Buildings, Farringdon Road, Clerkenwell, London, the son of Arthur Alfred Aldred (b. 1864/5), a dramatist, and his wife, Ada Caroline Holdsworth (b. 1866/7). His father had deserted his family by 1892, and he was brought up by his mother, a parasol maker; his maternal grandfather, ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allen, John (1771–1843), political and historical writer, was born at Redford, in the parish of Colinton, near Edinburgh, on 3 February 1771. His father, James Allen, a writer to the signet and the owner of the small estate of Redford, became bankrupt, but after his death the son, through the aid of his mother's family and the liberality of her second husband, was educated privately. He was apprenticed to an ...

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Amhurst, Nicholas (1697–1742), satirist and political writer, was born on 16 October 1697 at Marden, Kent, the first son of Edward Amhurst (bap. 1665, d. 1713), grazier, and grandson of George Amhurst, rector of Marden. His mother, Martha, née Simmonds (1664–1699), died before he was two years old. He was educated at ...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Annesley, Alexander (d. 1813), legal writer and political commentator, was a London solicitor and member of the Inner Temple. After many years' practice, by which he acquired a large fortune, he retired to Hyde Hall, Hertfordshire. Annesley—a man of many accomplishments—paid repeated visits to the continent and was an enthusiastic sportsman. In later life, though afflicted with gout, it was said that he 'drove four in hand at ...

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Arnall, William [pseud. Francis Walsingham] (d. 1736), political writer, is of unknown parentage and upbringing. He trained as a lawyer before, in 1728, he took up writing for the government at Sir Robert Walpole's personal request, having 'vouchsafed' the prime minister's protection before '[his] twentieth year' (...

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Arneway, John (1599/1600–c. 1653), polemicist, was the third surviving son of John Arneway (d. 1622), yeoman of Peplow, Hodnet, Shropshire, and Dorothy (fl. 1599–1621), probably née Hinstocke. He had one elder sister who survived until adulthood. In 1618, aged eighteen, he matriculated at ...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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J. E. Bailey

revised by Vivienne Larminie

Askew, Egeon (1575/6–1637), Church of England clergyman, was a native of Lancashire. His family originated from Mulcaster, Cumberland, and lived subsequently at Kirby Ireleth, Lancashire, where Thomas Askew, probably Egeon's younger brother, was instituted vicar in 1606. Having matriculated from Queen's College, Oxford...

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Atwood, William (d. 1712), lawyer and writer on politics, son of John Atwood, of Broomfield, Essex, was admitted as a pensioner at Queens' College, Cambridge, on 23 March 1669. He was admitted at the Inner Temple on 2 December 1669 and at Gray's Inn...

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Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Walter Bagehot (1826–1877) by Norman Hirst, pubd 1891 (after Adolphe Beau, 1864) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balogh, Thomas, Baron Balogh (1905–1985), political economist, was born in Budapest, Hungary, on 2 November 1905, the elder son and elder child of Emil Balogh, director of the transport board, Budapest, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Professor Bernard Levy, of Berlin and ...

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Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

Article

Leslie Stephen

revised by Philip Carter

Baron, Richard (d. 1768), literary editor and political writer, was born at Leeds, and educated at Glasgow University between October 1737 and May 1740. He left with a testimonial signed by Francis Hutcheson and Robert Simpson. Baron became a friend of Thomas Gordon...

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Barry, Brian Michael (1936–2009), social and political theorist, was born on 7 August 1936 at the Redhill County Hospital, Edgware, London, the only child of James Frederick Barry (1910–1975), an enamelling engineer's secretary and later an insurance agent, and his wife, Doris Rose, ...