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Abdurahman, Abdullah (1872–1940), political leader and physician, was born on 18 December 1872 in Wellington, a country town in south-western Cape Colony, the eldest son of the nine children of Abdul Arraman (also known as Rahman), small trader and civic figure, who was a patron of ...

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Bailey, Sir Abraham [Abe], first baronet (1864–1940), financier and politician in South Africa, was born at Cradock, Cape Colony, on 6 November 1864, the only son of Thomas Bailey (d. 1905) of Keighley, Yorkshire, a shopkeeper of Queenstown, which he represented in the ...

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Bain, James Thompson (1860–1919), trade unionist in South Africa, was born at Dudhope Crescent, Dundee, on 6 March 1860, the third child of Andrew Bain and his wife, Eliza, née Thomson. His parents were both mill workers. At the age of seven he started work in a factory. At sixteen he joined the ...

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Bambatha ka Mancinza (1865/6–1906), chief and rebel in Natal, was born in 1865 or 1866 in the Umvoti division of the British colony of Natal. He was the son of the chief Mancinza (also called Sobhuza) ka Jangeni (d. 1883) and a daughter of the Chunu chief ...

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Canaan Sodindo Banana (1936–2003) by unknown photographer, 1986 Getty Images

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Banana, Canaan Sodindo (1936–2003), president of Zimbabwe, was born in Esiphezini, near Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia, on 5 March 1936. His mother, Jese, was Ndebele, but his father, Aaron Banana, was a migrant worker from Nyasaland. He studied to become a teacher at the ...

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Hastings Kamuzu Banda (c. 1898–1997) by Rex Coleman for Baron Studios, 1964 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Banda, Hastings Kamuzu (c. 1898–1997), president of Malawi, was born in a small village near the trading centre Kasungu in the British protectorate of Nyasaland, the son of Mphonongo Banda and his wife, Akupinganyama Phiri. (He later gave 1906 as his year of birth.) His parents were ...

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C. A. Harris

revised by Lynn Milne

Binns, Sir Henry (1837–1899), politician in Natal, son of Henry Binns (1810–1880) [see under Binns family] of Sunderland and Croydon, and Elizabeth Bowron (d. 1855), was born at Sunderland, co. Durham, on 27 June 1837, and educated at Ackworth and ...

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Louis Botha (1862–1919) by Sir James Guthrie, c. 1919–21 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Botha, Louis (1862–1919), prime minister of the Union of South Africa and army officer, was born on 27 September 1862 at Honigfontein, near Greytown, Natal, the ninth child of Louis Botha (1827–1883), farmer, and his wife, Salomina Adriana Van Rooyen, both of whom had gone on the great trek as children. Until ...

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Brand, Sir Johannes Henricus [Jan Hendrik] (1823–1888), president of the Orange Free State, son of Sir Christoffel Joseph Brand (1797–1875), speaker of the Cape house of assembly, and his wife, Catharina Fredrica, née Kuchler (bap. 1797, d. 1868), was born in Cape Town...

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Browne, Sir Stewart Gore- (1883–1967), settler and politician in Northern Rhodesia, was born in London on 3 May 1883, the elder son of the barrister Sir Francis Gore-Browne (1860–1922), and his wife, Helenor (b. 1858), elder daughter of John Archibald Shaw-Stewart. His grandfather ...

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Bunting, Sidney Percival (1873–1936), political activist in South Africa, was born at 14 Oakley Square, Somers Town, St Pancras, London, on 29 June 1873, the second of four children of the nonconformist social activists Percy William Bunting (1836–1911) and his wife, Mary Hyett, ...

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Thomas François Burgers (1834–1881) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Burgers, Thomas François (1834–1881), president of the South African Republic, was born on 15 April 1834 in Langfontein, Camdeboo, in the Graaff-Reinet district of Cape Colony, the youngest son of Barend Jacobus Burger or Burgers (1775–1845), a minister, and Elisabeth Magdalena Theron (1792–1867)...

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Chipembere, Henry Blasius Masauko (1930–1975), politician in Nyasaland and Malawi, was born on 5 August 1930 at Kayoyo village, Nkhotakota district, Nyasaland, the fourth of the eight children of Habil Chipembere (1900–1976), an Anglican priest, and his wife, Drusilla Mwarabu. He was educated at ...

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Chirwa, Orton Edgar Ching'oli (1919–1992), lawyer and politician in Nyasaland and Malawi, was born near Nkhata Bay, Nyasaland, the son of Yesaya Mafananiso Chirwa (1881–1955) and Maggie Nyamazawo Nyrenda (fl. 1880–1960), both of whom had been seized as children in the last period of Ngoni raiding and brought up in the village of ...

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Chisiza, Dunduzu Kaluli (1930–1962), politician in Nyasaland and Malawi, was born at Chitimba, Northern Province, Nyasaland, on 8 August 1930, the youngest of the eleven children of Kaluli Chisiza (d. 1964), a prosperous farmer, and Emily nyaHarawa. Only three of his siblings survived into adulthood. After village school he entered the ...

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Chitepo, Herbert Wiltshire Tfumaindini (1923–1975), barrister and politician in Rhodesia, was born on 15 June 1923 in Watsomba, Inyanga District, in the eastern highlands of Southern Rhodesia. His father died when Chitepo was three; he was brought up and educated at St David's Mission School...