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Bain, James Thompson (1860–1919), trade unionist in South Africa, was born at Dudhope Crescent, Dundee, on 6 March 1860, the third child of Andrew Bain and his wife, Eliza, née Thomson. His parents were both mill workers. At the age of seven he started work in a factory. At sixteen he joined the ...

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Creswell, Frederic Hugh Page (1866–1948), politician in South Africa and mining engineer, was born on 13 November 1866 in Gibraltar, the youngest of the thirteen children of Edmund Creswell (d. 1877), then deputy postmaster-general of Gibraltar, and his wife, Mary Fraser of ...

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Farrar, Sir George Herbert, baronet (1859–1915), mine owner and politician in South Africa, was born at Mill End, Chatteris, Cambridgeshire, on 17 June 1859, the third son of Charles Farrar (1832/3–1896), general medical practitioner, and his wife, Helen, née Howard (1830/31–1921). When he was quite young his father, who did not take his medical practice very seriously, left the family rather dramatically by rowing away down the river towards the fens, where he spent the rest of his life. From then on ...

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Rhodes, Cecil John (1853–1902), imperialist, colonial politician, and mining entrepreneur, was born at Bishop's Stortford in Hertfordshire on 5 July 1853. He was the fifth son of Francis William Rhodes (1807–1878), vicar of that parish from 1849 to 1876, and his second wife, ...

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Cecil John Rhodes (1853–1902) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London