1-20 of 40 results  for:

Clear all

Article

Aitken, William (1812?–1869), Chartist and factory reformer, was born in a barrack room near Dunbar, possibly on 2 June 1812, the youngest but one of nine children of Scottish parents, natives of Duns. His father, originally a cordwainer, served thirty years in the army and rose to the rank of sergeant-major. After leaving the army ...

Article

Ashton, William (c. 1806–1877), Chartist, was born in the Yorkshire linen-weaving and coal-mining town of Barnsley about 1806. His father was an Englishman, and a linen weaver, and his mother was an Irish Catholic. Ashton always identified strongly with his mother's nation and faith and often spoke of himself as an Irishman....

Article

Barmby, (John) Goodwyn (1820–1881), Chartist and socialist, was born at Yoxford in Suffolk and was baptized on 12 November 1820. His father, John, a solicitor, married to Julia, died when he was fourteen years old. Goodwyn—he never used his first Christian name—had no formal school education but read widely. He eschewed the professions and followed a career of social and political radicalism, reputedly addressing small audiences of agricultural labourers when aged sixteen....

Article

Beaumont, Augustus Hardin (1798–1838), journalist and Chartist, was born in New York on 29 August 1798, the second of three sons of Arthur Chichester Beaumont (d. 1806/7), who had been on the medical staff of the British army during the American War of Independence. His mother, whose name was ...

Article

Cook, Samuel (1786–1861), Chartist, was born on 15 July 1786 at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, the son of Samuel Cook, a cloth manufacturer, and his wife, Amy. After his apprenticeship with a draper at Poole, Cook sought work in London, Birmingham, and Manchester. In 1810 he married ...

Article

Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer, was born on 20 March 1805 in Leicester, the illegitimate son of a dyer. His mother continued working as a dyer after the early death of Cooper's father, which indicates that the relationship was more than transitory. Living in ...

Article

Cuffay, William (bap. 1788, d. 1870), Chartist, was born in Chatham and baptized there on 6 July 1788, one of at least three children of Chatham Cuffay and his wife, Juliana. His grandfather was an African sold into slavery; Cuffay (sometimes spelt Cuffey, Cuffy, or Coffey...

Article

Fraser, John (1794–1879), Chartist and publisher, was born in Johnstone, Renfrewshire, the younger of two sons of Thomas Fraser and Isabella McIntosh, both of whom came originally from Inverness-shire. His father, who had been pressed into the navy and had been a prisoner for a time during the American War of Independence, acquired some medical knowledge and started business as a druggist in ...

Article

Frost, John (1784–1877), Chartist, was born at Newport, Monmouthshire, on 25 May 1784, the son of John Frost and his wife, Sarah, landlady of the Royal Oak public house in Mill Street, Newport. His father died when John was very young and his mother remarried twice. Aged about sixteen, ...

Image

John Frost (1784–1877) by William Read, 1839 (after unknown artist) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. C. K. Gonner

revised by Matthew Lee

Gammage, Robert George (1820/21–1888), Chartist, was born at Northampton, the son of Robert Gammage, horse keeper. Following education at the Central national school and the Blue Coat charity school at Northampton, he was, at the age of twelve, informally apprenticed to a coach builder. He began his political career in 1837, when he joined the ...

Image

(George) Julian Harney (1817–1897) by unknown engraver, pubd 1894 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Harney, (George) Julian (1817–1897), Chartist and journalist, was born on 17 February 1817 at Deptford, Kent, the son of George Harney, sailor, and his wife. Brought up in poverty, he was educated at dame-schools and by his own reading. In 1828 he entered the ...

Image

Samuel Holberry (1814–1842) by C. Demain, 1842 © Sheffield Galleries & Museums Trust

Article

Holberry, Samuel (1814–1842), Chartist, was born on 18 November 1814 at Gamston in Nottinghamshire, the youngest of nine children of John and Martha Holberry, who were agricultural labourers on the duke of Newcastle's estate. Samuel did a child's work on the land, and sometimes cleaned spinning machinery at ...

Article

Ironside, Isaac (1808–1870), Chartist, was born at Pool Green, Masborough, near Rotherham, on 17 September 1808, the son of Samuel Ironside, clerk at an ironworks and lay preacher at Queen Street Congregational Church. After the family moved to Sheffield in 1809, Ironside was educated at ...

Article

Kendall, George (1808/9–1886), Chartist and trade unionist, was baptized in the village of Hoton on the Hill near Loughborough on 26 July 1811, the son of George and Sarah Kendall. Starting work in the local hosiery industry at the age of five years, he moved to ...

Article

Kydd, Samuel McGowan (1815–1892), Chartist and barrister, was born on 22 February 1815 in Arbroath, Forfarshire, the second son of James Kydd, a currier. He first came to public attention in 1837 in York when he issued a pamphlet which contributed to a national debate about joint-stock banks; his arguments that such banks should issue paper money were an early indication of a deep interest in financial and economic matters. ...

Article

Leach, James (c. 1806–1869), Chartist, was born in Wigan, Lancashire. His family origins and early years are entirely unknown, although it may be that he was an Anglican and that he had worked as a hand-loom weaver. He moved to Manchester in 1826; and in 1839, when he led the resistance to a cut in wages, he was sacked as a power-loom weaver after twelve years in the same employment. According to ...

Image

William Lovett (1800–1877) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London