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See Armstrong, William George, Baron Armstrong

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Bukerel, Andrew (d. 1237), merchant and mayor of London, was born into a prominent London family; there is no evidence to support claims that the family originated in either Devon or Italy. His father, also Andrew Bukerel, was one of the custodians appointed by ...

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See Crab, John

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Sir William Craven (c. 1545–1618) by unknown artist Phillips Picture Library

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Craven, Sir William (c. 1545–1618), merchant and local politician, the second son of William Craven and his wife, Beatrix, the daughter of John Hunter, was born about 1545 at Appletreewick, a village in the parish of Burnsall, near Skipton in the West Riding of Yorkshire...

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Cunningham, Sir Hugh (1642/3–1710), local politician and merchant, was apparently a descendant of one of the Ayrshire Cunninghams. However, since there are no references to his birth, and because contemporary sources and his coat of arms as recorded in the Lyon court allude to both the ...

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Dinwiddie, Lawrence (1696/7–1764), merchant and civic leader, was born in Glasgow, the eighth child of Robert Dinwiddie (d. 1708/9), laird of Germiston, a trader who had prospered after moving from Dumfriesshire in 1691, and Elizabeth Cumming (fl. 1685–1696). He attended Glasgow University...

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George Drummond (1687–1766) by Sir George Chalmers, 1764 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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Duckett, Sir Lionel (d. 1587), merchant and local politician, was the son of William Duckett of Flintham, Nottinghamshire, and his wife, Jane Redman, of Harwood Castle, Yorkshire. His first wife was Mary, the daughter of Hugh Leighton, of Leighton, Shropshire, with whom he had one son, ...

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Edwin, Sir Humphrey (1642–1707), merchant and local politician, was born at Hereford, only son (there were also two daughters) of William Edwin and his wife, Anne, of the family of Mansfield. William Edwin was a Welsh felt-maker from Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, who moved to ...

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Hill, Sir Rowland (c. 1495–1561), merchant and local politician, was born at Hodnet, Shropshire, the eldest son of Thomas Hill and his wife, Margaret, the daughter of Thomas Wilbraham of Woodhey, Cheshire. He was apprenticed to the London mercer Thomas Kitson, and obtained his freedom in 1519. He then became a leading merchant adventurer, exporting broadcloths to ...

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Ingram, Archibald (c. 1699–1770), tobacco merchant and civic leader, rose to prominence from obscure origins, possibly in Ayrshire. He started in business as a street vendor while a boy and then married an armourer's daughter, Janet Simpson (d. 1742), on 16 August 1727, becoming a ...

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Charles Welch

revised by Ian W. Archer

Kitson, Sir Thomas (1485–1540), merchant and local politician, was born in Warton, Lancashire, the son of Robert Kitson. He was apprenticed to Richard Glasyer, a mercer and merchant adventurer of London, and became free of the City in 1507. He was already trading on his own account on a substantial scale in 1509, and his accounts show that he remained active as a merchant adventurer until his death. In 1534–5, when he exported 625 cloths, only ten merchants exported larger quantities. He dealt mainly in the broadcloths of ...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by Kenneth Morgan

Knight, Sir John (bap. 1613, d. 1683), merchant and local politician, the third but second surviving son of George Knight (d. 1659), a mercer, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of William Deyos, was baptized on 24 November 1613 in Bristol. He inherited his father's business in ...

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Lethieullier, Sir John (1632/3–1719), merchant and local politician, was the eldest of the three sons of Jane Delafort of London and Jan le Thieullier (1591–1679), a French protestant from Valenciennes who was brought to England in 1605 and established himself first in Ilford, Essex...

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See Maister family

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Monoux, George (b. in or before 1465, d. 1544), merchant and local politician, was born by 1465, probably in London, the youngest of the five sons of Richard Monoux, of the Salters' Company. He was descended from John Monoux, of Stanford, Worcestershire, and the family was probably of Welsh marcher origin. He is first recorded (1485–6) in ...

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Sir John Moore (bap. 1620, d. 1702) by James Macardell (after John Closterman) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Moore, Sir John (bap. 1620, d. 1702), merchant and local politician, the second son of Charles Moore (d. 1654) and his wife, Cicely Yates, was baptized at Norton, near Twycross, Leicestershire, on 11 June 1620. His father, who had six children, was descended from the ...