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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Arnott, Samuel (1852–1930), gardener and politician, was born above his father's baker's shop at the corner of Friar's Vennel, Dumfries, on 30 September 1852, the son of John Arnott (d. 1858) and his wife, Nicholas Richardson. His father, who was descended from a line of farmers and lead miners in the parish of ...

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Atkinson, Sir Harry Albert (1831–1892), farmer and premier of New Zealand, was born on 1 November 1831 at Broxton, Cheshire, the fourth son and the seventh of the thirteen children of John Atkinson (1798–1856), an architect and stonemason, and his wife, Elizabeth Smith (...

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Sir Harry Albert Atkinson (1831–1892) by unknown photographer, c. 1880 Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa (F-23108-1/2)

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Aucher, Sir Anthony (d. 1558), administrator and landowner, was the only surviving son and heir of James Aucher (d. 1509), gentleman, of Otterden, Kent, and his wife, Alice Hill. The father, a son and heir of John and Margaret Aucher, was the successful head of a minor gentry family who bequeathed much of his estate to the church. In his will of 1 January 1509 he entrusted his son to ...

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George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...

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Arthur H. Grant

revised by Lynn Milne

Barker, John (1771–1849), diplomatist and horticulturist, was born at Smyrna on 9 March 1771. His father, William Barker, of The Hall, Bakewell, Derbyshire, was on his way from Florida to India, when ill health caused him to settle at Smyrna. John Barker was educated in ...

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Barnham, Sir Francis (bap. 1576, d. 1646?), local politician and landowner, was baptized at Hollingbourne, Kent, on 20 October 1576, the eldest son of Martin Barnham of Hollingbourne (1547×50–1610) and his first wife, Ursula (d. 1579), daughter of Robert Rudston of Boughton Monchelsea...

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Francis Basset, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835) by Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1786 in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, William A. Clark

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Bathurst, Charles, first Viscount Bledisloe (1867–1958), agriculturist and politician, was born in London on 21 September 1867, the second but first surviving son of the barrister Charles Bathurst (1836–1907), of Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, where he owned 4000 acres of land, and his wife, ...

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Beauchamp, John, first Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster (d. 1388), administrator and landowner, came from Holt in Worcestershire, and belonged to a cadet branch of the great family of Beauchamp, whose head was the earl of Warwick. He was the son of another John (...

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Beckford, Peter (bap. 1643, d. 1710), planter in Jamaica and politician, was baptized on 19 November 1643 at St James, Clerkenwell, Middlesex, the son of Peter Beckford, 'a shadowy and humble figure' whose dates of birth and death are unknown (Alexander, 29...

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Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden, was baptized in Aberdeen on 10 October 1709. He was the son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), professor of theology and principal at Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his wife, Christian (...

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Blamire, William (1790–1862), farmer and politician, was born on 13 April 1790 at The Oaks, near Dalston, Cumberland, the son of William Blamire (1740–1814), yeoman farmer and naval surgeon, and Jane Curwen (1739/40–1837). He came on both sides of his family from long-established ...

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Blount, Thomas (1605/6–1678), landowner and local politician, was the second son of the six sons and two daughters born to Edward Blount (1559–1618), lawyer and landowner, and his second wife, Fortune, daughter of the London merchant Sir William Garway (Garraway). The Blount family held the manor and ...