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Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley Raffles (1781–1826) by George Francis Joseph, 1817 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley (1781–1826), colonial governor and founder of Singapore, the eldest and only surviving son of Captain Benjamin Raffles (d. c.1797) and his wife, née Anne Lyde (d. 1824), was born off Port Morant, Jamaica, on 6 July 1781, aboard his father's ship, the West Indiaman ...