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[Anon.]

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

Article

Freeburn, James (1808–1876), army officer and inventor of shell fuses, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Midlothian. At an early age he was apprenticed to a baker. At the age of seventeen he enlisted in the 7th battalion of the Royal Artillery...

Article

Elizabeth Bruton and Graeme J. N. Gooday

Fuller, Algernon Clement (1885–1970), army officer and inventor, was born at 5 Walm Lane, Willesden, Middlesex, on 30 March 1885, the second son of five children born to Sydney Albert Fuller (1843/4–1896) and his wife, Beatrice Mary, née Dunphy (1854–1920). His father had formerly been employed in the ...

Article

Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer, was born at 264 Albany Road, Camberwell, London, on 18 July 1869, the third child of William Harrison (1822/3–1878), a Home Office clerk, and his wife, Susannah, née Lawson. His father died when he was nine and his mother opened a small school, which enabled her sons to be educated at the ...

Article

Holden, Sir (Henry) Capel Lofft (1856–1937), army officer and inventor, was born at 24 Priory Street, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 23 January 1856, the eldest son of Hubert Ashton Holden (1822–1896), an Anglican clergyman and schoolmaster, and his wife, Laetitia, née Lofft. His father, a distinguished classical scholar, was vice-principal of ...

Article

Livens, William Howard (1889–1964), army officer and inventor of oil and gas weapons, was born at Lincoln on 28 March 1889, the only son of Frederick Howard Livens, chief engineer of the firm which became Ruston and Hornsby, and his wife, Priscilla Mary Abbott...

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Henry Shrapnel (1761–1842) attrib. Thomas Arrowsmith, 1817 from the collection of The Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich

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Shrapnel, Henry (1761–1842), army officer and inventor of the Shrapnel shell, was born on 3 June 1761, the youngest son of the nine children of Zachariah Shrapnel (1724–1796) from Midway Manor House, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, and his wife, Lydia (née Needham). The family name appears as ...