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Allchin, (Frank) Raymond (1923–2010), archaeologist and scholar of early Indian culture, was born on 9 July 1923 at The Briars, Northwick Park Road, Harrow, Middlesex, the second son and third of four surviving children of Frank MacDonald Allchin (1891–1977), physician, and his wife, ...

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Allen, John Romilly (1847–1907), archaeologist, born at Park Village West, Regent's Park, London, on 9 June 1847, was the eldest son of George Baugh Allen (1821–1898), a well-known special pleader of the Inner Temple, of Cil-rhiw, near Narberth, Pembrokeshire, and his wife, Dorothea Hannah (...

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Artis, Edmund Tyrell (bap. 1789, d. 1847), geologist and archaeologist, was baptized on 11 September 1789 in Saxmundham, Suffolk, the eldest in the family of three sons and three daughters of James Artis, carpenter, and his wife, Mary Tyrell Watling. Little is known of his childhood, though it is said he developed a talent for drawing at an early age. At sixteen he went to work for his uncle, a ...

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I. A. Richmond

revised by David Gill

Ashby, Thomas (1874–1931), archaeologist, was born at Ashford Road, Staines, Middlesex, on 14 October 1874, the only child of Thomas Ashby (1851–1906), a member of the well-known Quaker family which owned Ashby's brewery at Staines, and his wife, Rose Emma, daughter of Apsley Smith...

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Ashmole, Bernard (1894–1988), archaeologist and art historian, was born on 22 June 1894 in Ilford, Essex, the youngest in a family of two sons and three daughters of William Ashmole, auctioneer and estate agent, and his wife, Sarah Caroline Wharton, née Tiver. Both parents had strong literary and religious interests. He was educated at ...

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Aston, Michael Antony [Mick] (1946–2013), geographer and archaeologist, was born on 1 July 1946 at 112 Birch Road, Oldbury, Worcestershire, the son of Harold Henry Aston, a joiner's toolmaker, and his wife, Gladys, née Bagnall. Oldbury belonged to the industrial Black Country (on the border between ...

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Michael Antony Aston (1946–2013) by Mark Thomas, 2000 Rex Features

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Babington, (Charles) Cardale (1808–1895), botanist and archaeologist, was born on 23 November 1808, at Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of Joseph Babington (1768–1826), at that time a physician, and Catherine, daughter of John Whitter of Bradninch, Devon. The historian Lord Macaulay was his first cousin. His father having taken holy orders, ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Annette Peach

Baily, Charles (1815–1878), architect and archaeologist, was born at 71 Gracechurch Street, London, on 10 April 1815, the third son of William Baily, of Gracechurch Street, East Dulwich, and Standon, Dorking, Surrey, and his wife, Susanna. John Walker Baily was one of his brothers. He was a pupil of ...

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Barley, Maurice Willmore (1909–1991), archaeologist and local historian, was born at 52 Lindum Avenue, Lincoln, on 19 August 1909, the son of Levi Baldwin Barley (1885–1971), a worker in a local engineering firm, and his wife, Alice, née Willmore (1886–1968). Both parents were working class. However, his was the sort of Edwardian working-class background in which education played an important part. It included attendance at university extension lectures and tutorial classes of the ...

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Maurice Willmore Barley (1909–1991) by Simon I. Hill York Archaeological Trust for Excavation and Research Ltd; photograph by Simon I. Hill

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Bateman, Thomas (bap. 1821, d. 1861), archaeologist and antiquary, was baptized on 8 November 1821 at Rowsley, Derbyshire, the only child of William Bateman (1787–1835), antiquary, of Middleton by Youlgreave, Derbyshire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1822), daughter of James Crompton...

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Martin Robertson

revised by David Gill

Beazley, Sir John Davidson (1885–1970), classical archaeologist, was born in Glasgow on 13 September 1885, the elder son of Mark John Murray Beazley (d. 1940), interior decorator, of London, and his wife, Mary Catherine (d. 1918), daughter of John Davidson, of ...

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Sir John Davidson Beazley (1885–1970) by Lafayette, 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bellows, John Thomas (1831–1902), printer, lexicographer, and archaeologist, born at Carthew House, Church Street, Liskeard, Cornwall, on 18 January 1831, was the elder of the two sons of William Lamb Bellows (1798–1877), schoolmaster, of Bere Regis, Dorset, and his wife, Hannah Stickland (1790–1874)...

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John Thomas Bellows (1831–1902) by H. W. Watson, 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bicknell, Clarence (1842–1918), archaeologist and botanist, the youngest son of Elhanan Bicknell (1788–1861), financier and art patron, and his third wife, Lucinda Sarah (1801–1850), sister of Hablot Knight Browne, was born at Herne Hill, Surrey, on 27 October 1842. Herman Bicknell, orientalist and traveller, was his brother. ...

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Birley, Eric Barff (1906–1995), historian and archaeologist, was born on 12 January 1906 at his parents' home, The Poplars, Worsley Road, Swinton, Manchester, Lancashire, the youngest of four sons (there were also two daughters) of Joseph Harold Birley (b. 1870), a Manchester...

Article

E. S. Bosanquet

revised by David Gill

Bosanquet, Robert Carr (1871–1935), archaeologist, was born on 7 June 1871 in London where his father, Charles Bertie Pulleine Bosanquet (1834–1905), of Rock Hall, near Alnwick, the eldest brother of the philosopher Bernard Bosanquet, was then acting as honorary secretary to the recently formed ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1773–1854), topographer and archaeologist, born in Lambeth, London, was apprenticed to one of the most eminent enamellers in London. While an apprentice he met John Britton. They both had literary and artistic aspirations, and longed to be free of their existing trades. They formed a close friendship, which lasted for sixty-five years, and collaborated to produce illustrated volumes on topographical subjects. They began their literary partnership with a song called ...