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Alexander, Alexander (b. 1781/2), soldier and writer, was born in Dundonald, Ayrshire, the illegitimate son of a wealthy Scottish merchant. Almost everything known about him comes from his remarkable autobiography, published in Edinburgh in 1830. After what he recalled as an unhappy childhood marred by physical violence, at the age of eighteen he was sent to work as an overseer on slave plantations in ...

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Ashley, (Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne (1836–1907), politician and biographer, born in London on 24 July 1836, was the fourth son of Anthony Ashley Cooper, seventh earl of Shaftesbury (1801–1885), politician and social reformer, and his wife, Emily (1810–1872), daughter of Peter Leopold Cowper, fifth Earl Cowper...

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Aubrey, John (1626–1697), antiquary and biographer, was born on 12 March 1626 at Easton Pierse near Kington St Michael in north Wiltshire, the eldest of the three surviving sons of Richard Aubrey (1603–1652), who owned estates at Burleton in Herefordshire and at Broad Chalke...

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Beresford, George Charles (1864–1938), photographer and memoirist, was born at 15 Lypiatt Terrace, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 10 July 1864, the third son of Major Henry Marcus Beresford (1835–1895) of the 9th foot and his wife, Julia Ellen (d. 1923), daughter of the ...

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Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881), author, biographer, and historian, was born on 4 December 1795 in the Arched House, Ecclefechan, Annandale, Dumfriesshire. He was the eldest son of James Carlyle (1757–1832), a hard-working stonemason whose father, Thomas (1722–1806), the husband of Mary Gillespie (1727–1797), had been a carpenter and tenant farmer; beyond that, the ...

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Carpenter, Humphrey William Bouverie (1946–2005), author, broadcaster, and musician, was born on 29 April 1946 at the Radcliffe Maternity Home, Oxford, the only child of Harry James Carpenter (1901–1993), warden of Keble College and later bishop of Oxford, and his wife, Urith Monica, ...

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Chalmers, Alexander (1759–1834), biographer and literary editor, was born on 29 March 1759 in Aberdeen and baptized that day at St Nicholas's in the city, the youngest son of James Chalmers (bap. 1713, d. 1764), printer and publisher [see under Chalmers family (per. 1736-1876)...

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Clarke, Nicholas Campbell [Nick] (1948–2006), broadcaster and writer, was born on 9 June 1948 at Mount Alvernia Nursing Home, Godalming, Surrey, the son of John Campbell Clarke, journalist, and his wife, (Wilda) Ruth, formerly Massy, née McNeile. He was educated at Bradfield College, Berkshire...

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Clarke, Samuel (1599–1682), clergyman, ejected minister, and biographer, was born on 10 October 1599 at Wolston, Warwickshire, the son of Hugh Clarke (d. 1634), the vicar there, and Alice Wilson of Coventry. Hugh Clarke, whom Samuel later described as 'a godly, able, faithful and painful Minister' (...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by John D. Pickles

Cooper, Charles Henry (1808–1866), biographer and antiquary, was born at Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire, on 20 March 1808, the eldest of the ten children of Basil Henry Cooper (1783–1823), solicitor, and Harriet (1787–1860), daughter of Charles Shoppee of Uxbridge. He was educated at home until he reached his seventh year, when he was sent to a school kept by a ...

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Crick, Sir Bernard Rowland (1929–2008), political scientist and biographer, was born on 16 December 1929 at 77 Circle Gardens, Merton, London, the son of Harry Edgar Crick (d. 1968), insurance official, and his wife, Florence Clara, née Cook (1890–1986). He attended Whitgift School, Croydon...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Marten Hutt

Dixon, Joshua (bap. 1743, d. 1825), physician and biographer, was baptized at St Nicholas's Church, Whitehaven, Cumberland, on 12 August 1743, the son of Joshua and Elizabeth Dixon. He graduated MD from the University of Edinburgh in 1768, and thereafter practised medicine in ...

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Douglas, Lord Alfred Bruce (1870–1945), poet and biographer, was born on 22 October 1870 at Ham Hill near Worcester, the third son of John Sholto Douglas, ninth marquess of Queensberry (1844–1900), and his wife, Sybil (1845–1935), daughter of Alfred Montgomery, a commissioner of ...

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Earle, John (1598x1601–1665), bishop of Salisbury and character writer, was born at York, the son of Thomas Earle or Earles, registrar of the archbishop's court in the city. He matriculated, 'aged eighteen' (Foster, Alum. Oxon.), from Christ Church, Oxford, on 4 June 1619, but may have been two or three years older and may have already spent some time at the university, and was probably thus also the ...

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Ellmann, Richard David (1918–1987), literary scholar and biographer, was born on 15 March 1918 in Highland Park, Detroit, Michigan, the second of the three sons (there were no daughters) of James Isaac Ellmann, lawyer, a Jewish Romanian immigrant, and his wife, Jeanette Barsook...

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Foot, Jesse (1744–1826), surgeon and biographer, is thought to have been born at Charlton, Wiltshire. He was trained in London, possibly at the Middlesex Hospital, and became a member of the Company of Surgeons. Foot spent the years 1766–9 on Nevis in the ...

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Granger, James (bap. 1723, d. 1776), print collector and biographer, was born in Shaftesbury, Dorset, and baptized there at St James's on 31 March 1723, the son of William Granger and Elizabeth Tutt, who had married in 1717. Nothing is known of Granger's...

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Hogg, Thomas Jefferson (1792–1862), biographer of Percy Bysshe Shelley, was born on 24 May 1792 at Norton near Stockton-on-Tees, co. Durham, the eldest of six children of John Hogg (1761–1823), a non-practising barrister and country gentleman, and his wife, Prudentia (c.1767–1838)...

Article

John Murray

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Huxley, Leonard (1860–1933), biographer and writer, was born in London on 11 December 1860, the second, but elder surviving, son of the scientist Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–1895) and his wife, Henrietta Ann, daughter of Henry Heathorn, of Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. He was educated at ...

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Jenkins, Roy Harris, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead (1920–2003), politician and author, was born at Greenlands, Snatchwood Road, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, on 11 November 1920, the only child of Arthur Jenkins (1882–1946), assistant miners' agent, and his wife, Harriet (Hattie), née Harris (1886–1953), music shop assistant and subsequently magistrate and county councillor....