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Acland, Sir Richard Thomas Dyke, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990), politician and benefactor, was born on 26 November 1906 at Broadclyst, Devon, his ancestral home, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Francis Dyke Acland, fourteenth baronet (1874–1939), landowner and liberal politician, and his wife, ...

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Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder, was born on 28 July 1948 at Bricket House, Bricket Road, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the second of three children of Sir Donald Arthur Rolleston Albery (1914–1988), theatre owner and theatrical manager, and his second wife, ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by G. F. Bartle

Allen, William (1770–1843), philanthropist and scientist, was born on 29 August 1770 at Stewart Street, the Old Artillery Ground, Spitalfields, London, the eldest of the six sons of Job Allen (1734–1800) and his wife, Margaret Stafford (d. 1830). His father, a silk manufacturer, was a member of the ...

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Alleyn, Edward (1566–1626), actor, theatre entrepreneur, and founder of Dulwich College, was born on 1 September 1566 in the London parish of St Botolph without Bishopsgate, 'near Devonshire House, where now is the sign of the Pye'. He was baptized the following day in the parish church, the son of ...

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Ashton, Hugh (d. 1522), Catholic ecclesiastic and university benefactor, apparently never himself had a formal university education, his main expertise lying in administration and estate management. He probably first encountered Lady Margaret Beaufort, countess of Richmond and Derby, in Lancashire, his native county, and rose to prominence through this association. On 7 January 1496 he was admitted to the rectory of ...

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Astor, (Francis) David Langhorne (1912–2001), newspaper editor and philanthropist, was born on 5 March 1912 at 4 St James's Square, London, the second of four sons and third of five children of Waldorf Astor, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952), and his wife, Nancy Witcher, ...

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes, was born on 4 July 1845 at 4 Dame Street, Dublin, the fourth of five children of John Michaelis Barnardo (1800–1874), a Prussian subject and furrier, and his second wife, Abigail, daughter of ...

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Bass, Michael Arthur, first Baron Burton (1837–1909), brewer and benefactor, was born at Brewery House, High Street, Burton upon Trent, on 12 November 1837, the elder son of Michael Thomas Bass (1799–1884), brewer, and his wife, Eliza Jane (d. 1897), daughter of ...

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Besse, Antonin (1877–1951), entrepreneur and benefactor, was born on 26 June 1877 at Carcassonne in southern France, the third son and fourth child in the family of four boys and three girls of Pierre Besse, leather merchant, and his wife, Marie Bonnafous. In failing health ...

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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Bowen, Arthur Charles Mainwaring (1922–1980), founder of the British Rheumatic Association, was born on 24 March 1922 at Pentre-bach, Pontyberem, near Carmarthen, the son of Arthur Pendragon Bowen (1887–1942), a timber and builder's merchant, and his wife, Edith Helena Stephenson (1895–1984). He was educated at ...

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Brabazon, Reginald, twelfth earl of Meath (1841–1929), politician and philanthropist, was born on 31 July 1841 in a house near Belgrave Square, London, the second son of William Brabazon (1803–1887), styled Lord Brabazon and from 1851 eleventh earl of Meath, and his wife, ...

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Brotherton, Edward Allen, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 1 April 1856 at 2 Tiverton Place, Ardwick Green, Manchester, the eldest of three children of Theophilus Brotherton, a yarn agent, and his wife, Sarah, née O'Donnell. His relatives included the educational reformer ...

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Bullar, John (1778–1864), schoolmaster and campaigner for liberal causes, was born on 27 January 1778 in the parish of Holy Rood, Southampton, probably at 95/96 High Street, the son of John Bullar (1744–1836), peruke maker and hairdresser of Southampton High Street, and his wife, ...

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Burdett, Sir Henry Charles (1847–1920), philanthropist and hospital reformer, was born on 18 March 1847 at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Halford Robert Burdett (1813–1864), a clergyman in the parish of Gilmorton, Leicestershire, and his wife, Alsina, née Brailsford, from Lincolnshire. The Burdett...

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Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, first baronet (1786–1845), politician and philanthropist, born on 1 April 1786, was the eldest son of Thomas Fowell Buxton, of Earl's Colne, Essex, and his wife, Anna, daughter of Osgood Hanbury, of Holfield Grange, in the same county. His mother, who was a member of the ...