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Ayton, Sir Robert (1570–1638), poet and courtier, was born at the castle of Kinaldie, near St Andrews, Fife, the second of four sons, to Andrew Ayton (d. 1589), landowner, and his wife, Mariona London or Lundie, daughter of the laird of Balgonie...

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Byrd, William (1674–1744), landowner and diarist, was born on 28 March 1674 near the fall line of the James River, Virginia, the first of five children of William Byrd (1652–1704), colonial officer and planter, and Mary Horsmanden Filmer (1650–1699), a well-connected widow and daughter of ...

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Denham, Sir John (1614/15–1669), poet and courtier, was probably born in Dublin, the only son of Sir John Denham (1559–1639), judge, and his second wife, Eleanor (d. 1619), daughter of Gerald, or Garret, Moore, Baron Moore of Mellefont and first Viscount Drogheda...

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Herbert, William, third earl of Pembroke (1580–1630), courtier and patron of the arts, was the son of Henry Herbert, second earl of Pembroke (b. in or after 1538, d. 1601), and his third wife, Mary Sidney (1561–1621) [see Herbert, Mary, countess of Pembroke...

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Howard, Henry, earl of Northampton (1540–1614), courtier, administrator, and author, was born on 24 February 1540 at Shottesham, Norfolk, the second son of Henry Howard, styled earl of Surrey (1516/17–1547), poet and courtier, and his wife, Lady Frances de Vere (1517–1577), daughter of ...

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Killigrew, Sir William (bap. 1606, d. 1695), courtier and playwright, was baptized on 28 May 1606 at Hanworth, near Hampton Court, Middlesex, the eldest child of Sir Robert Killigrew (1579/80–1633) and Mary, daughter of Sir Henry Woodhouse of Kimberley, Norfolk; he was brother to ...

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Lodge, Edmund (1756–1839), herald and biographer, was born on 13 June 1756, in Poland Street, London, the only surviving son of the Revd Edmund Lodge (c.1729–1781), rector of Carshalton in Surrey, and his wife, Mary Garrard, the daughter and sole heir of ...

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Luttrell, Sir Geoffrey (1276–1345), landowner and patron of the Luttrell psalter, lord of Irnham, Lincolnshire, was the son of Sir Robert Luttrell of Irnham (c.1255–1297) and his wife, Joan. Her parentage is unknown; she was still living in June 1320. Luttrell...

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Matthew, Sir Toby [Tobie] (1577–1655), writer and courtier, was born at Salisbury on 3 October 1577, the first son of Tobie Matthew (1544?–1628), later archbishop of York, and Frances, née Barlow (d. 1629) [see Matthew, Frances], widow of Matthew Parker...

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Murray, Sir David, of Gorthy (1567–1629), poet and courtier, was the second son of Robert Moray of Abercairney and Catherine, daughter of William Murray of Tullibardine. Little can be established about his early life until 1599, when he appears as gentleman of the prince's bedchamber, an appointment in ...

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Ralegh, Sir Walter (1554–1618), courtier, explorer, and author, was born at Hayes, near East Budleigh, Devon, the second son and third surviving child of Walter Ralegh (1504/5–1581), landowner, of East Budleigh, and his third wife, Katherine (d. 1594), daughter of Sir Philip Champernowne...

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Sheppard, Sir Fleetwood (1634–1698), courtier and poet, born on 1 January 1634 and baptized on 20 January at Great Rollright, near Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, was the second son of William Sheppard, esquire, of Great Rollright, and Maria (or Mary) Dormer, daughter of Sir Fleetwood Dormer...

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Sidney, Sir Philip (1554–1586), author and courtier, was born on 30 November 1554 at Penshurst, Kent, the first of seven children of Sir Henry Sidney (1529–1586) and his wife, Mary Sidney (1530x35–1586), daughter of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, and his wife, Jane Guildford...

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Sidney, Robert, first earl of Leicester (1563–1626), courtier and poet, was born at Penshurst, Kent, on 19 November 1563, and baptized there nine days later, the second son of Sir Henry Sidney (1529–1586) and his wife, Mary Sidney (d. 1586), daughter of John Dudley, ...

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Vere, Edward de, seventeenth earl of Oxford (1550–1604), courtier and poet, was born on 12 April 1550, probably at Castle Hedingham, Essex, the only son of John de Vere, sixteenth earl of Oxford (1516–1562), and his second wife, Margery, daughter of Sir John Golding...

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Wilmot, John, second earl of Rochester (1647–1680), poet and courtier, was born on 10 April 1647, probably at Ditchley, Oxfordshire, the second but only surviving son of Henry Wilmot, first earl of Rochester (bap. 1613, d. 1658), royalist army officer, and his second wife, ...

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Wriothesley, Henry, third earl of Southampton (1573–1624), courtier and literary patron, was born at Cowdray House near Midhurst in Sussex on 6 October 1573. He was the third child and only surviving son of Henry Wriothesley, second earl of Southampton (bap. 1545, d. 1581)...