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Arnold, Thomas (1823–1900), literary scholar and teacher, was born on 30 November 1823 at Laleham, Middlesex, the third of the nine surviving children of Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), schoolmaster and clergyman, and his wife, Mary, née Penrose (1791–1873), youngest daughter of the Revd John Penrose...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Bennett, Jack Arthur Walter (1911–1981), literary scholar, was born on 28 February 1911 at Auckland, New Zealand, the eldest son of Ernest Bennett, foreman shoemaker, and his wife, Alexandra Corrall. Both parents were born in Leicester in the 1880s: Ernest worked in shoe manufacturing, and emigrated to ...

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Blunden, Edmund Charles (1896–1974), poet and university teacher, was born on 1 November 1896 at 54A Tottenham Court Road, London, the eldest of the nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Charles Edmund Blunden (1871–1951) and his wife, Georgina Margaret (1868–1967), daughter of ...

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Bradbury, Sir Malcolm Stanley (1932–2000), writer and literary scholar, was born on 7 September 1932 at Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield, the elder of the two sons of Arthur Bradbury (1899–1985) and his wife, Doris, née Marshall (1898–1993). His father's family came from Macclesfield, Cheshire...

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Bullen, Arthur Henry (1857–1920), literary editor and publisher, was born in London on 9 February 1857, the second son of George Bullen (1816x18–1894), and his first wife, Eliza Mary Martin (d. 1887). He was educated at the City of London School, where the headmaster, ...

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Capell, Edward (1713–1781), literary scholar, elder son of the Revd Gamaliel Capell, was born at Troston Hall, near Bury, Suffolk, on 11 June 1713. There were four other children. Capell was educated at Bury grammar school. On 15 May 1730 Capell was admitted a pensioner at ...

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Chalmers, Alexander (1759–1834), biographer and literary editor, was born on 29 March 1759 in Aberdeen and baptized that day at St Nicholas's in the city, the youngest son of James Chalmers (bap. 1713, d. 1764), printer and publisher [see under Chalmers family (per. 1736-1876)...

Article

L. F. Powell

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Chapman, Robert William (1881–1960), literary scholar and publisher, was born at Eskbank, near Dalkeith, Midlothian, on 5 October 1881, the youngest of the six children of the Revd Edward Whitaker Chapman and his wife, Hannah Margaret Cannon of a Yorkshire family. His father was the Episcopalian vicar of ...

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Child, Francis James (1825–1896), philologist and ballad scholar, was born on 1 February 1825 in Boston, Massachusetts, to Joseph Child (1792–1879), sailmaker, and his wife, Alice, née James (d. 1839?). He attended Boston's public schools before he was prepared for college at the Latin school there at the insistence and expense of its principal, ...

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Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834), poet, critic, and philosopher, was born on 21 October 1772 at Ottery St Mary, Devon, and baptized there on 30 December, the youngest of ten children born to John Coleridge (bap. 1719, d. 1781), vicar of the town and master of the grammar school, and his second wife, ...

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Arthur Freeman and Janet Ing Freeman

Collier, John Payne (1789–1883), literary editor and forger, was born on 11 January 1789 in New Broad Street in the City of London, the second of five children of John Dyer Collier (1762–1825) and his wife, Jane Payne (1768–1833), the spirited and artistic daughter of a ...

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Collins, John Churton (1848–1908), university extension teacher and advocate of the academic study of English literature, was born on 26 March 1848 at Bourton on the Water, Gloucestershire, the eldest of the three sons of Henry Ramsay Collins, physician, and his wife, Maria, ...

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Colvin, Sir Sidney (1845–1927), art and literary scholar and museum administrator, was born at Norwood, Surrey, on 18 June 1845, the youngest of the three children (all sons) who survived infancy of Bazett David Colvin (1805–1871), East India merchant, and his wife, Mary Steuart (1821–1902)...

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Cunningham, Francis (1820–1875), army officer and literary editor, was the youngest son of Allan Cunningham (1784–1842), Scottish poet and songwriter, and his wife, Jean Walker (1791–1864). He inherited from his father a love of literature also seen in the life of his brother ...

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Daiches, David (1912–2005), literary scholar, was born at 2 Salem Hill South, Sunderland, co. Durham, on 2 September 1912, the younger son of Salis Daiches (1880–1945), rabbi and author, and his wife, Flora, née Levin (1890–1983). He and his elder brother Lionel (1911–1999)...

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Dobell, Bertram (1842–1914), bookseller and literary scholar, was born on 9 January 1842 at Battle, Sussex, the eldest son of Edward Dobell, a journeyman tailor, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Eldridge (d. 1899). The family moved to London, where Edward Dobell was stricken with paralysis. In the ...

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Dobell, Sydney Thompson (1824–1874), poet and literary scholar, was born on 5 April 1824 at Cranbrook in Kent, the eldest son in the family of ten children of John Dobell, wine merchant and author, and Julietta Thompson, daughter of Samuel Thompson (1766–1837), a religious reformer, who founded the ...

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E. J. Gwynn

revised by Arthur Sherbo

Dowden, Edward (1843–1913), literary scholar and poet, was born on 3 May 1843 at Cork, the second son of John Wheeler Dowden (1799–1891), linen merchant and landowner, and his wife, Alicia Bennett (d. 1869). His elder brother, John Dowden (1840–1910), became bishop of ...

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Ebsworth, Joseph Woodfall (1824–1908), literary editor and artist, was born on 2 September 1824 at 3 Gray's Walk, Lambeth, London, the younger son (of thirteen children) of Joseph Ebsworth (1788–1868), playwright and musician, and his wife, Mary Emma Ebsworth, née Fairbrother (1794–1881), also a playwright. In 1828 the family moved to ...