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Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. An extroverted child, his capacity for learning delighted his parents. They feared that the comparative academic weakness of his elder brother ...

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Bertie, Peregrine, thirteenth Baron Willoughby of Willoughby, Beck, and Eresby (1555–1601), nobleman and soldier, was born on 12 October 1555 in Wesel, Cleves, the only son of Richard Bertie (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical, and his wife, Katherine [see Bertie, Katherine, duchess of Suffolk (1519–1580)...

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Biddulph, Sir Thomas Myddleton (1809–1878), courtier and army officer, born on 29 July 1809, was the second son of Robert Biddulph of Ledbury and Charlotte, the daughter and coheir of Richard Myddleton MP, of Chirk Castle, of the old Welsh family of Myddleton...

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Bréauté, Sir Falkes de (d. 1226), soldier and royal favourite, was of obscure Norman parentage. One reasonably reliable source, which described him as 'small in stature but very valiant', stated that he was the son of a Norman knight by a concubine (...

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Brooke, George, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558), soldier and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Brooke, eighth Baron Cobham (d. 1529), and his first wife, Dorothy Heydon. He accompanied his father in attending Mary Tudor to her marriage with Louis XII of France...

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Brooke, Sir James (1803–1868), army officer and first raja of Sarawak, was born at Secrore, a suburb of Benares, India, on 29 April 1803, the second son of Thomas Brooke (1760–1835), chief judge of the East India Company's court at Moorshabad, and his Scottish second wife, ...

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Browning, Sir Frederick Arthur Montague (1896–1965), army officer and courtier, often known as Boy Browning, or as Tommy to intimates, was born on 20 December 1896, at 31 Hans Road, Brompton, London, the second child and only son of Frederick Henry Browning and his wife, ...

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Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

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Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605), courtier and privateer, was born on 8 August 1558 in Brougham Castle, Westmorland, the eldest son of Henry Clifford, second earl of Cumberland (1517–1570), and his second wife, Anne (c.1538–1581), daughter of William, third Baron Dacre...

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Craven, William, earl of Craven (bap. 1608, d. 1697), army officer and royal servant, was baptized on 26 June 1608 at St Andrew Undershaft, London, the eldest son of the London alderman Sir William Craven (c. 1545–1618) and his wife, Elizabeth (d...

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Devereux, Walter, first earl of Essex (1539–1576), nobleman and adventurer, was born on 16 September 1539 at Chartley, Staffordshire, the eldest son of Sir Richard Devereux and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of George Hastings, first earl of Huntingdon. Sir Richard, who was created a knight of the Order of the Garter on 20 February 1548, died the same year, in the lifetime of his father, ...

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Edward [Edward of Woodstock; known as the Black Prince], prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376), heir to the English throne and military commander, was the eldest son of Edward III (1312–1377) and Philippa of Hainault (1310x15?–1369).

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Fitzwilliam, William, earl of Southampton (c. 1490–1542), courtier and naval administrator, was a younger son of Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam (d. 1498) of Aldwark in the West Riding of Yorkshire and his wife, Lucy (d. 1534), daughter and coheir of John Neville, ...

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Fraser, Simon Christopher Joseph, fifteenth Lord Lovat and fourth Baron Lovat (1911–1995), army officer and landowner, was born in Scotland on 9 July 1911, the elder son and oldest of the five children of Simon Joseph Fraser, fourteenth Lord Lovat and third Baron Lovat...

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Fraser, Simon Joseph, fourteenth Lord Lovat and third Baron Lovat (1871–1933), army officer and landowner, was born at his ancestral home, Beaufort Castle, Beauly, Inverness-shire on 25 November 1871, the second son of Simon Fraser, thirteenth Lord Lovat and second Baron Lovat (1828–1887)...

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Frederick, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827), army officer and bishop of Osnabrück, was the second son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He was born at St James's Palace, London, on 16 August 1763, and on 27 February 1764 was elected to the bishopric of ...

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Gage, Sir John (1479–1556), military administrator and courtier, was born on 28 October 1479 at Burstow, Surrey, the only son of William Gage of Burstow (d. 1497) and Agnes (d. 1501), daughter of Bartholomew Bolney, of Bolney, Sussex. He was baptized the same day at ...

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George, Prince, first duke of Kent (1902–1942), naval and air force officer, was born George Edward Alexander Edmund at York Cottage, Sandringham, on 20 December 1902, the fifth child and fourth son of George V (1865–1936) and Queen Mary (1867–1953). After several years (1912–16) at ...

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George, Prince, second duke of Cambridge (1819–1904), army officer, was born George William Frederick Charles, the only son of Adolphus Frederick, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850), the youngest son of George III. His mother was Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa (1797–1889), daughter of Frederick, landgrave of Hesse-Cassel...