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G. T. Bettany

revised by Yolanda Foote

Alder, Joshua (1792–1867), zoologist, was born on 7 April 1792 at Dean Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, the son of provision merchants. He was educated at Tanfield School, under a relative, the Revd Joseph Simpson. On his father's death in November 1808, he left school to help his mother run the family business. An early acquaintance with the wood-engraver ...

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Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands de (1899–1972), zoologist and historian, was born on 1 November 1899 at Malden, Surrey, the only son and elder child of Herbert Chaplin de Beer, journalist, and his wife, Mabel. Herbert was the son of Arnold de Beer and ...

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Bell, Thomas (1792–1880), dental surgeon and zoologist, was born at Poole, Dorset, on 11 October 1792, the only son of the surgeon Thomas Bell and his wife, Susan Gosse (d. 1829), formerly a teacher. After initial training with his father, Bell entered ...

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Bowerbank, James Scott (1797–1877), geologist and zoologist, was born on 14 July 1797 in Sun Street, Bishopsgate, London, the fourth of six children of Edward Bowerbank, distiller, and his wife, Fanny. He went to Dr Kelly's school in Finsbury Square, and is said to have developed a love of nature from studying the plants growing alongside the ...

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Brambell, Francis William Rogers (1901–1970), zoologist, was born on 25 February 1901 at Combridge House, Sandycove, near Dublin, the eldest of three sons (one of whom died in infancy) of Louis Alfred Brambell (1867–1955), an accountant at the Guinness Brewery in Dublin, and his wife, ...

Article

S. R. Christophers

revised by Helen J. Power

Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...

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Buller, Sir Walter Lawry (1838–1906), ornithologist, was born on 9 October 1838 at Newark Wesleyan mission station in Pakanae, Hokianga region, New Zealand, the second of the ten children of James Buller (1812–1884), Wesleyan missionary, and his wife, Jane Tonkin Martin (1808–1884), both of ...

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Cuming, Hugh (1791–1865), conchologist and collector of natural history specimens, was born in the village of Washbrook, near Kingsbridge, south Devon, on 14 February 1791, one of three children born to Richard and Mary Cuming. He may have acquired an interest in conchology from ...

Article

Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882), naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection, was born on 12 February 1809 at The Mount, Shrewsbury, the fifth child and second son of Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848), Shrewsbury's principal physician, and Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817). His sisters were ...

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Edwards, George (1694–1773), ornithologist and artist, was born on 3 April 1694 at Stratford, West Ham, Essex, to a family of Welsh descent. He was educated at a boarding-school in Leytonstone and at Brentwood grammar school. He was then apprenticed to John Dod...

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Edwards, Vero Copner Wynne- (1906–1997), zoologist, was born on 4 July 1906 in Leeds, the fifth of the six children of the Revd Canon John Rosindale Wynne-Edwards, headmaster of Leeds grammar school, and his wife, Lilian Agnes, née Streatfeild. His love of natural history was fostered early on by his childhood at ...

Article

Fisher, Sir Ronald Aylmer (1890–1962), statistician and geneticist, was born on 17 February 1890 at his parents' home in East Finchley, Middlesex, the last of seven surviving children born to George Fisher (1843–1920), a dealer in fine arts, and his wife, Katie (1855–1904)...

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Flower, Sir William Henry (1831–1899), zoologist and museum curator, was born on 30 November 1831 in Stratford upon Avon, the second son of Edward Fordham Flower (1805–1883) and his wife, Selina Greaves (d. 1884). His father, a businessman, established Flowers brewery. His elder brother, ...

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Fraser, Francis Charles (1903–1978), zoologist and museum administrator, was born on 16 June 1903 at Glenturret, Station Road, Dingwall, Ross-shire, Scotland. He was the youngest of the six sons (there were also four daughters) of James Fraser (d. 1910/11), master saddler and blacksmith, and his wife, ...

Article

J. E. G. de Montmorency

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Fry, Sir Edward (1827–1918), judge and zoologist, was born in Union Street, Bristol on 4 November 1827, the second son of Joseph Fry (1795–1879) and Mary Ann, née Swaine. Both his parents were Quakers. His father, a manufacturer of chocolate and cocoa, was a man with strong religious and philanthropic interests. A supporter of free trade, he continued the family tradition in business. ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Clemency Thorne Fisher

Garrod, Alfred Henry (1846–1879), zoologist, was born in Charterhouse Square, London, on 18 May 1846, the eldest child of Sir Alfred Baring Garrod (1819–1907), physician, and his wife, Elizabeth Ann Colchester (d. 1891). He was educated at University College School, and entered ...

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Gosse, Philip Henry (1810–1888), zoologist and religious writer, was born on 6 April 1810 at the High Street, Worcester, the second of four children of Thomas Gosse (1765–1844) a mezzotint engraver and itinerant painter of miniature portraits, and Hannah Best (1780–1860), who before her marriage had been a domestic servant. His childhood was spent in ...

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Gould, John (1804–1881), ornithologist and publisher, was born at Lyme Regis, Dorset, on 14 September 1804, the son of John Gould, a gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth Clatworthy. Very early in Gould's life the family moved to Stoke Hill near Guildford, where three younger sisters were born and where he probably went to school. When ...

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Gray, John Edward (1800–1875), zoologist and museum curator, was born at Walsall, Staffordshire, on 12 February 1800, the second son of Samuel Frederick Gray (1766–1828), naturalist and pharmacologist, and his wife, Elizabeth Forfeit (1777–1852), the daughter of a picture dealer in Covent Garden...

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Gunther, Robert William Theodore (1869–1940), zoologist and antiquary, was born on 23 August 1869 at St James's Road, Surbiton, Surrey. He was the only child of the zoologist Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther (1830–1914), who from Württemberg, then Tübingen, came to England to seek scientific employment, and his first wife, ...