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Abadam, Alice (1856–1940), suffrage activist and women’s right’s campaigner, was born in St John’s Wood, London, on 2 January 1856 (census returns 1891, 1939 Register). Her birth was not registered and she was not baptised. She was the youngest of seven children (four daughters and two sons) of ...

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Acland [née Cropper], Eleanor Mary, Lady Acland (1878–1933), politician and suffragist, was born at Tolson Hall, Strickland Kettle, Westmorland, on 27 February 1878, the eldest of the five children (four daughters and one son) of Charles James Cropper (1852–1924) and his wife, the Hon. ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Gertrude Mary Ansell (1861–1932) by unknown photographer, 1914 [police identification photograph issued by New Scotland Yard] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932), suffragette and businesswoman, was born on 2 June 1861 at 1 Vernon Place, Bloomsbury, London, the third child and only daughter of George Frederick Ansell (1826–1880) and his wife, Sarah Cook. Her father, a scientific chemist, had in 1856 been appointed to a clerkship in the ...

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Arnold, Ethel Margaret (1864/5–1930), journalist, author, and lecturer on female suffrage, was the daughter of Thomas Arnold (1823–1900), teacher and English scholar, and his wife, Julia Sorell (1826–1888). Her grandfather was Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), headmaster of Rugby School, her uncle Matthew Arnold (1822–1888)...

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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

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Baker, (Gertrude) Elizabeth (1876–1962), playwright, was born at 6 Levington Street, Paddington, London, on 20 August 1876, the daughter of John Alexander Baker (1849/50–1876), draper, who died in the December following her birth, and his wife, Elizabeth Tookey, ...

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Lady Frances Balfour (1858–1931) by Bassano, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of twelve children of George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll (1823–1900), and his first wife, ...

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Barnes [née Cappuccio], Annie (c. 1887–1982), socialist and suffragist, probably born in Stepney, was the eldest of the twelve children of Lorenzo Cappuccio (c.1868–1935) and his wife, Antonietta (c.1865–1910). Her birth was unregistered, as were those of all her siblings until that of her youngest sister in 1909. It is likely that her father was an immigrant from ...

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Barrett, Rachel (1874–1953), suffragette and newspaper editor, was born on 12 November 1874 at 23 Union Street, Carmarthen, the daughter of Welsh-speaking parents, Rees Barrett, land and road surveyor, and Anne Barrett, née Jones. Educated at a private school in Stroud, she later won a scholarship to ...

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Bateson, Mary (1865–1906), historian and suffragist, was born on 12 September 1865 at Ings House, Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire, the daughter of William Henry Bateson (1812–1881), master of St John's College, Cambridge, and his wife, Anna Aikin (1829–1918), a promoter of women's rights and liberal causes in ...

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Becker, Lydia Ernestine (1827–1890), suffragist leader, daughter of Hannibal Leigh Becker (1803–1877), a chemical manufacturer, and Mary Becker (1807–1855), daughter of James Duncuft, a Hollinwood mill owner, was born in Cooper Street, Manchester, on 24 February 1827. She was the eldest of fifteen children. Her grandfather, ...

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Bennett, Louise [Louie] (1870–1956), suffragist, trade unionist, and pacifist, was born in Temple Road, Temple Hill, near Dublin, the eldest of five daughters and five sons of an auctioneer and antiques valuer called Bennett and his wife, Susan Boulger, daughter of an army...

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Bensusan, Inez Isabel (1871–1967), actress, playwright, and suffragist, was born at Barrack Hill, Old South Head Road, in the Paddington district of Sydney, Australia, on 11 September 1871, the daughter of Samuel Levy Bensusan (1828–1917), a mining agent, and his wife, ...

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Bentinck, Ruth Mary Cavendish- [née Ruth Mary St Maur] (1867–1953), women's suffragist and socialist, was born in Tangier on 21 October 1867, the illegitimate daughter of Edward Adolphus Ferdinand St Maur, Earl St Maur (1835–1869), eldest son of the twelfth duke of Somerset...

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Caroline Ashurst Biggs (1840–1889) by Elizabeth S. Guinness, 1897 (after unknown photographer, c. 1875) The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge