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Anderson, Janet (1697–1761), milliner and maker of graveclothes, was born on 1 January 1697 and baptized in Edinburgh two days later. She was the daughter of James Anderson (1662–1728), clerk to the signet and author of Diplomata Scotiae, and Jean Ellis or Ellies (...

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Barron, (Mabel) Phyllis (1890–1964), designer and textile printer, was born on 19 March 1890 in Taplow, Buckinghamshire, the younger of two daughters of Walter Barron and his wife, Alice Maud Marguerite, formerly Clark, of Taplow House, Taplow. She was to describe her family as 'rich' and her father as 'something in the City' (...

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Clarice Cliff (1899–1972) by unknown photographer Leonard Griffin

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Cliff, Clarice (1899–1972), ceramic designer and art director, was born on 20 January 1899 at 19 Meir Street, Tunstall, Staffordshire, one of eight children of Harry Thomas Cliff, iron-moulder, and his wife, Ann (née Machin). Her parents were working-class and of Staffordshire...

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Cutler, Ann (1759–1794), hand-loom weaver and Methodist evangelist, was born in Thornley, near Longridge, in the parish of Chipping, Lancashire; nothing is known of her parents. After living a strict, moral life she was converted in 1785 by the revivalist Wesleyan William Bramwell...

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Devine [née Blackley], Rachel (1875–1960), weaver and trade unionist, was born on 13 February 1875 at Dudhope Crescent, Dundee, the daughter of John Blackley, yarn dresser, and his wife, Rachel McClellan. She became a weaver, and married John Devine, a cabinet-maker.

Active as a trade unionist, ...

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Dilke [née Strong; other married name Pattison], Emilia Francis, Lady Dilke (1840–1904), art historian and trade unionist, was born on 2 September 1840 in Ilfracombe, Devon, the fourth of the six children of Henry Strong (1794–1876) and his wife, Emily Weedon (...

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Emilia Francis Dilke, Lady Dilke (1840–1904) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1887 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Douglas, Cecilia (1772–1862), West India planter, slave owner, and art collector, was born in Glasgow on 28 February 1772, the daughter of John Douglas, West India merchant, formerly of Edinburgh, and his wife, Cecilia, daughter of George Buchanan, merchant. Both her maternal and paternal family lines had connections with the ...

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See Ferrar, John

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Francis [née Jervis], Eliza Warren (1810–1900), author of domestic manuals and journal editor, was born on 23 December 1810 in Wells, Somerset, where she was baptized on 19 June 1811, the first of six surviving children of John Jervis (b....

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Glasse [née Allgood], Hannah (bap. 1708, d. 1770), writer on cookery and costumier, born at Greville Street, Hatton Garden, London, was baptized at St Andrew's Church, Holborn, on 24 March 1708, the daughter of Isaac Allgood (1683–1725) and Hannah Reynolds. The Allgoods...

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Goddard [née Egan], Mary (bap. 1717, d. 1752), poet and milliner, was baptized on 12 July 1717 at St Nicholas Within, Dublin, the daughter of Mary, whose maiden name was probably Colwell, and Terence Egan, variously styled 'Mr.' or 'Gent.' in the parish registers. ...

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Hutton, Sibilla (d. 1808), milliner and shopkeeper, was the daughter of the Revd William Hutton, minister of the Secession church at Dalkeith, Edinburghshire, and Sibilla Tunnock, daughter of William Tunnock, an Edinburgh brewer; they married on 7 November 1742. Sibilla was well known as a milliner in ...

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Innes, Jocasta Claire Traill (1934–2013), journalist, cookery writer, and interior design writer, was born on 21 May 1934 in Nanking (Nanjing), China, the eldest of four children of Paul Joseph Anthony Innes (1906–1977), a Shell Oil executive, and his wife, Alice Eileen, née...

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Johnston, Ellen (c. 1835–1874?), power-loom weaver and poet, was born at the Muir Wynd, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the only daughter of James Johnston, stonemason from Lochee, a linen-weaving and quarrying village on the outskirts of Dundee, and Mary Bilsland, second daughter of James Bilsland...

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Julius [née Goldman, afterwards Hille], Rosamind (1923–2010), design entrepreneur and furniture manufacturer, was born on 30 November 1923 at 144 Bethune Road, Stamford Hill, London, the eldest daughter of Morris Goldman (1897–1968), retailer and manufacturer, and his wife, Rachel (Ray), née Hille (1899–1986)...

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Larcher, Dorothy Mary (1882–1952), flower painter, designer, and textile printer, was born on 28 September 1882 at 47 Shirlock Road, St Pancras, London, the daughter and (presumed) only child of William Gustavus Francis Larcher, schoolmaster, and his wife, Eliza Pearce, née Arkell. Active during the 1920s and 1930s, she produced with her partner, the designer and printer ...

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Learmonth, Christian (bap. 1718, d. 1762), milliner and shopkeeper, was baptized at Bo'ness, Linlithgowshire, on 21 October 1718, the daughter of John Learmonth, schoolmaster and postmaster at Bo'ness, and of his first wife, Christian Livingston (d. in or before 1726), third daughter of ...

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Macaulay [née Young], Carola (b. 1682), milliner and shopkeeper, was born on 19 February 1682 at Kippen, Stirlingshire, one of three children of the Revd Robert Young, minister at Kippen, and Margaret MacFarlane. She is a good example of an eighteenth-century woman from a professional family background who, even after her marriage, continued in business. She had no inherited right to trade but was allowed to do so on payment of an annual due to the ...