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Anne [Anne of Cleves] (1515–1557), queen of England, fourth consort of Henry VIII, was the daughter of Johann (III), duke of Juliers-Cleves (1490–1539), and Maria (1491–1543), heir of Juliers (or Jülich). From 1511 Johann ruled Juliers in his wife's right and in 1521 inherited ...

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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...

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Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II, was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife, Elizabeth of Pomerania. She was born at Prague on 11 May 1366. Little is known of her early life, but it is likely that she received an informal education at court. Her marriage to the ...

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Anne [née Anne Neville] (1456–1485), queen of England, consort of Richard III, was the younger daughter of Richard Neville, sixteenth earl of Warwick and sixth earl of Salisbury, the Kingmaker (1428–1471), and of his countess, Anne Beauchamp (d. 1492), who was heir both to the ...

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Anne [Anne Boleyn] (c. 1500–1536), queen of England, second consort of Henry VIII, was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Ormond and of Wiltshire (1476/7–1539), and Elizabeth (d. 1538), daughter of Thomas Howard, second duke of Norfolk (1443–1524), and his first wife, ...

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Anne (1366–1394) tomb effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Anne (1515–1557) by Hans Holbein the younger, 1539 © Photo RMN – Hervé Lewandowski

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Anne (c. 1500–1536) by unknown artist, late 16th cent. [original, c.1533–6] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Catherine (1638–1705) by Jacob Huysmans, c. 1664 [as a shepherdess] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Catherine (1401–1437) wooden funeral effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V, was the youngest daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380–1422) and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Hôtel St Pol in Paris on 27 October 1401. Her childhood was clouded by the impoverishment of the royal family and political divisions between the Armagnac and Burgundian factions in ...

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Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II, was born on 25 November 1638 ns at the Vila Viçosa in Alentejo, Portugal, the third but only surviving daughter of the five children of ...

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Cromwell [née Bourchier], Elizabeth (1598–1665), lady protectress of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Oliver Cromwell, was one of twelve children of Sir James Bourchier (c.1574–1635), merchant and furrier, and his wife, Frances, daughter of Thomas Crane of Newton Tony, Wiltshire...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Castile] (1241–1290), queen of England, consort of Edward I, was the daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile (1201–1252) and his second wife, Jeanne de Dammartin (d. 1279), heir to the French county of Ponthieu. Ancient claims to Gascony in ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III, was born in Provence, the second of four daughters of the count, Raymond-Berengar (V) (1209–1245), and his wife, Béatrice (d. 1265), the daughter of Thomas, count of Savoy. The births of two sons—probably twins—preceded the births of the four daughters, but the boys died very young. The beauty of the daughters, who all became queens, was legendary. ...

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Eleanor (c. 1223–1291) drawing [in the stern of a ship] The British Library

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Elizabeth [née Elizabeth Woodville] (c. 1437–1492), queen of England, consort of Edward IV, was the daughter of Richard Woodville or Wydeville, first Earl Rivers (d. 1469), and his wife, Jaquetta de Luxembourg, dowager duchess of Bedford (d. 1472).

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Elizabeth [Elizabeth of York] (1466–1503), queen of England, consort of Henry VII, was the eldest child of Edward IV and his wife, Elizabeth Woodville. She was born at Westminster on 11 February 1466 and baptized in the abbey, with the duchesses of York...

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Elizabeth (1466–1503) by unknown artist, c. 1502 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Elizabeth (c. 1437–1492) by unknown artist The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II