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Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I, was a daughter of Godfrey, count of Lower Lorraine and duke of Brabant (d. 1139), and his first wife, Ide, daughter of Henri (III), count of Namur. Adeliza's...

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Anne [Anne of Cleves] (1515–1557), queen of England, fourth consort of Henry VIII, was the daughter of Johann (III), duke of Juliers-Cleves (1490–1539), and Maria (1491–1543), heir of Juliers (or Jülich). From 1511 Johann ruled Juliers in his wife's right and in 1521 inherited ...

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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...

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Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II, was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife, Elizabeth of Pomerania. She was born at Prague on 11 May 1366. Little is known of her early life, but it is likely that she received an informal education at court. Her marriage to the ...

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Anne (1366–1394) tomb effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Anne (1515–1557) by Hans Holbein the younger, 1539 © Photo RMN – Hervé Lewandowski

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Berengaria [Berengaria of Navarre] (c. 1165–1230), queen of England, consort of Richard I, was the eldest daughter of Sancho VI, king of Navarre (1150–1194), and Sancha, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. She was born in Navarre, probably during the 1160s, her eldest brother being the future ...

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Catherine (1638–1705) by Jacob Huysmans, c. 1664 [as a shepherdess] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Catherine (1401–1437) wooden funeral effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V, was the youngest daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380–1422) and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Hôtel St Pol in Paris on 27 October 1401. Her childhood was clouded by the impoverishment of the royal family and political divisions between the Armagnac and Burgundian factions in ...

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Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II, was born on 25 November 1638 ns at the Vila Viçosa in Alentejo, Portugal, the third but only surviving daughter of the five children of ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Aquitaine], suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204), queen of France, consort of Louis VII, and queen of England, consort of Henry II, was the elder daughter of Guillaume, eighth count of Poitou, and tenth duke of Aquitaine (1099–1137), and of his wife, ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Castile] (1241–1290), queen of England, consort of Edward I, was the daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile (1201–1252) and his second wife, Jeanne de Dammartin (d. 1279), heir to the French county of Ponthieu. Ancient claims to Gascony in ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III, was born in Provence, the second of four daughters of the count, Raymond-Berengar (V) (1209–1245), and his wife, Béatrice (d. 1265), the daughter of Thomas, count of Savoy. The births of two sons—probably twins—preceded the births of the four daughters, but the boys died very young. The beauty of the daughters, who all became queens, was legendary. ...

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Eleanor, suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204) tomb effigy, early 13th cent. photograph: AKG London

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Eleanor (c. 1223–1291) drawing [in the stern of a ship] The British Library

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Emma [Ælfgifu] (d. 1052), queen of England, second consort of Æthelred II, and second consort of King Cnut, was the daughter of Richard (I), count of Rouen (d. 996), and of Richard's second wife, Gunnor (d. 1031), herself of Norman stock and Danish origin; she was thus the sister of ...

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Emma (d. 1052) drawing [[Left to right] , Edward [Edward the Confessor] (1003x5–1066), and Harthacnut (c.1018–1042) ] The British Library

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Henrietta Maria [Princess Henrietta Maria of France] (1609–1669), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles I, was born at the Louvre Palace in Paris on 16/26 November 1609, the fifth surviving child and youngest daughter of Henri IV, king of France and Navarre...

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Henrietta Maria (1609–1669) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1632 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II